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Oriental capital of museums: Luoyang the magnificent (4)

By Kou Jie (People's Daily Online)    11:17, December 25, 2020

YTO Agricultural Cultivation Museum

YTO Agricultural Cultivation Museum takes advantage of valuable photos of historical significance, cultural relics and historical data as well as modern acoustic lighting and electrical techniques. It presents a historical picture of agricultural cultivation in the world and the great achievements of agricultural mechanization in China.

Among the collection are the Curved Shaft Plough in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), tractors imported during the early years of modern China, a homemade first-generation caterpillar tractor, a homemade first-generation amphibious wheel-type tractor, a homemade first-generation small-capacity wheel-type tractor, a tractor and reaper driven by former Premier Wen Jiabao, and an up-to-date homemade tractor. Altogether, they represent the great changes of agricultural cultivation in China.

China’s first modern agricultural machinery – Dongfanghong tractor 

China’s first generation tractor. (People’s Daily Online/Du Mingming)

Though tractors were widely used in western countries in the 1950s, for over 800,000 villages across China at that time, cattle and plough were the only options for farmers. The mission of creating China’s first tractor was designated to the Luoyang-based YTO Group Corporation. In 1958, Dongfanghong (Oriental Red), China’s first self-designed tractor, was put into use on over 60 percent of the nation’s farmland.

In a letter written by Bulekov, a Soviet tech expert who helped China’s industrial development, he noted: “Oriental Red, what an inspiring name! For thousands of years, Chinese farmers carried their hoes to work under the sun, but now, they are driving their own tractor to embrace the sun.”


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