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FACTBOX: China's economic and social development in 2012


18:52, February 22, 2013

BEIJING, Feb. 22 (Xinhua) -- China's National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Friday released a report on the country's economic and social development in 2012.

Xie Hongguang, deputy chief of the NBS, said the report highlights steady and relatively fast economic growth, the continuous optimization of the country's economic structure and progress in improving people's livelihood.

The following are some important figures on China's social and economic development in 2012:

-- China's gross domestic product (GDP) expanded 7.8 percent year on year to 51.93 trillion yuan (8.26 trillion U.S. dollars).

-- China's consumer price index (CPI), the main gauge of inflation, rose 2.6 percent year on year, below the government's target of 4 percent.

-- By the end of the year, 54 cities in a statistical pool of 70 major cities tracked by the NBS saw home prices rise month on month.

-- By the end of the year, 767.04 million people were employed in China, including 371 million people employed in cities.

-- A total of 12.66 million jobs were added in cities. The registered urban unemployment rate stood unchanged from the previous year at 4.1 percent.

-- The number of rural migrant workers had increased 3.9 percent to 262.61 million by the end of last year, accounting for 19.39 percent of the country's total population.

-- China's foreign reserves totaled 3.31 trillion U.S. dollars by the end of the year, marking a year-on-year increase of 130.4 billion U.S dollars.

-- The Chinese currency, the yuan, strengthened 0.25 percent year-on-year to 6.2855 against the U.S. dollar by the year's end.

-- China's fiscal revenues grew 12.8 percent year on year to 11.72 trillion yuan. Tax revenues contributed 10.06 trillion yuan, an increase of 12.1 percent year on year.

-- China's grain output rose 3.2 percent from a year earlier to 589.57 million tonnes, marking the ninth consecutive year of growth.

-- Grain crop areas in China totaled 111.27 million hectares, up 0.62 percent from a year earlier.

-- Industrial value-added output rose 7.9 percent from a year earlier to 19.99 trillion yuan.

-- Fixed-asset investment rose 20.3 percent year on year to 37.47 trillion yuan.

-- Retail sales of consumer goods rose 14.3 percent to 21.03 trillion yuan. Sales in urban areas grew 14.3 percent, while the figure for rural areas surged 14.5 percent.

-- The total foreign trade volume rose 6.2 percent year on year to 3.87 trillion U.S. dollars. The country's trade surplus stood at 231.1 billion U.S. dollars, up 76.2 billion U.S. dollars from a year earlier.

-- Foreign direct investment into China dropped 3.7 percent to 111.7 billion U.S. dollars.

-- China's broad money supply (M2), which covers cash in circulation and all deposits, increased 13.8 percent from a year earlier to 97.4 trillion yuan.

-- The narrow measure of money supply (M1), which covers cash in circulation plus that in current corporate deposits, climbed 6.5 percent to 30.9 trillion yuan.

-- The total population stood at 1.354 billion people by the end of the year, up 6.69 million year on year.

-- The urban population reached 711.82 million, accounting for 52.6 percent of the country's total, up 1.3 percentage points from a year earlier.

-- Urban residents' per capita disposable income expanded 12.6 percent year on year to 24,565 yuan.

-- The per capita net income of rural residents rose 13.5 percent to 7,917 yuan.

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