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The Secrets to Successful Management in China: 2012-2017

By Ronnie Lins (People's Daily Online)    17:04, October 30, 2017

After five years of intense work by President Xi Jinping and his staff, with the active support of the CCP, the question that arises is: how did they achieve this success?

During these five years, many internal and external events occurred, both with negative and positive influences. However, this all corroborated that it is essential to have adequate planning to face all kinds of adversities.

Externally, there were political, economic, and social issues that affected much of the world, either directly or indirectly. In working toward the goal of the “China Dream,” it was necessary to be united, determined, and competent.

Marriage is necessary for the success of any country. The government, the Party, the military, and the people must all be on the same page. In this way, it was possible to give all Chinese a "moderately prosperous life" and advance the goal of poverty eradication. Being close to the population and listening to their suggestions and complaints is fundamental to keeping the Party on the right course, and China has mastered this strategy.

Another critical variable was determination. Over the past few years, President Xi has emphasized and carried out essential steps toward deepening reforms.

This has been fundamental because besides from demanding political will, a great determination was necessary to change or alter wrong courses. The Chinese government has acted steadily, but other essential reforms remain for the next administration.

Finally, the last variable that contributed to the success was competence. We will now present the hypothetical Governance Model of President Xi Jinping, which we have consolidated into six main pillars. We will cite from recent political and economic achievements of the government.

The six pillars are: National Sovereignty, Deepening of Reforms and Rights, Educational and Cultural Development, Economic Development and Environment, Foreign Policy, and Creation and Monitoring of Institutional Norms.

In the last five years, I have highlighted the following about National Sovereignty. For example, the implantation of the modernization of the armed forces, the fair recognition of the value of the military, the development of deterrent and informatization capacities, creation of strong ties through the concept of duality, where military and civilians began working partnerships to generate products with higher added value.

The firm position was maintained on the legitimacy of Chinese Sovereignty in the South China Sea and the start of the strategic "Grand Bay" project that integrates Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau.

Regarding the deepening of reforms and rights, we highlight several actions to combat poverty and carry out tax reforms, reforms in the financial market, and changes in judicial bodies.

Regarding health, China has increased housing for the needy and has taken actions such as hospital reforms and creating better financial conditions for doctors and other health professionals

Regarding educational and cultural development, we highlight the effort to adapt education to the new world technological context. And regarding culture, there was the more significant dissemination of Chinese culture, improvements in the maintenance of cultural heritage, and the encouragement of the population to carry out tourism within China.

Concerning economic development and the environment, we highlight macroeconomic policies to equalize economic growth under the conditions of the "New Normal," policies to encourage the services sector, facilitation of foreign capital investments, and development of innovation within the new context of the "Fourth Industrial Revolution" among other necessary measures.

About the environment, the government reinforced measures to improve the situation through the deactivation or restructuring of "zombie companies," the creation of more environmentally friendly locations, such as "Ecological Buildings," and a firm policy against environmental polluters.

In foreign policy, the government acted in several areas, depending on the characteristics of the other country. For example, we highlight discussions on the issues of nuclear arms control, counter-terrorism, combating social inequality and eradicating poverty, the development of the grand world-wide strategic plan for Belt and Road, and other critical related actions.

Finally, subjects on the creation and monitoring of institutional norms showed us two critical actions. First, the policy of the government-party-population approach, which as we said was of utmost importance to China's success, and two, the government's vigorous activity against waste and especially in the fight against corruption.

What challenges and measures can be discussed and determined at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party for the next administration?

This question is incredibly complex, because of the planning required for the next five years of a country as great and important as China.

I will outline some challenges and some guidelines, which in my opinion, may arise at this critical meeting.

”"Innovation" will certainly be one of the most important issues over the next five years. That's because, we know we're going through the "Fourth Industrial Revolution," and its effects will be massive in most activities. Also, there are still enormous tasks for the Chinese government to look at and use their resolve to solve many challenges.

Regarding National Sovereignty, I believe that the insertion of "cyber-physical" systems will be intense in the processes of manufacturing equipment for national defense. Also, the Chinese government has determined that the development of military equipment, where possible, obey the principle of duality. This means that defense companies and private companies must work together more closely in the development of new equipment. In this context, "cybersecurity" should also have a special treatment, because its control will be fundamental to the sovereignty of any country.

I do not doubt that through "Socialism with Chinese Characteristics," China will achieve its goal of building a moderately prosperous society, but it will be necessary to worry about some essential aspects.

For example, the process of deepening social reforms has very similar characteristics in any country in the world. First, improvements are more accessible to carry out, but once the process increases, the pace slows down, and more determined the government and Party will need to be to implement them.

An essential subject that must also be addressed will be how to prepare young people from their studies to their work.

In this new digital world, there isno way to follow old ways. The modernizations and demands of potential employers will have a very significant diversity and speed of change.

Therefore, I believestudents will need to be matched with the demand of companies. I only see one way. Educational institutions and companies must work together to create curriculum. With this, the number of unemployed young people will be reduced. The need for more vocational schools and startups in China also emerges.

In defining the growth of the economy for the next few years, not only should macroeconomic fundamentals be considered, but these technological and structural changes in productive modes should be predicted.

This is not an easy task, because every day new combinations of tools and sectors arise that focus on changing demands. However, I believe that among other areas of knowledge: nanotechnology, robotics, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, and energy storage systems, among others, should be the new priority.

Lastly, we must speak of measures for the tireless fight against corruption, which is being improved every day. 

The author is President of the China-Brazil Center: Research & Business

(For the latest China news, Please follow People's Daily on Twitter and Facebook)(Web editor: Wu Chengliang, Bianji)

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