| On August 9, 1945, Mao Zedong made a declaration named “The last battle against the Japanese invaders”. (Photo/China's State Archives Administration)|
The Japanese government responded to the Potsdam Declaration and declared that “the only thing to do is just kill it with silence (mokusatsu).” Thus, Chinese army and people launched full-scale counter-attacks against Japanese invaders. The Eighth Route Army, the New Fourth Army and the anti-Japanese guerrilla troops in south China launched massive attacks against Japanese-occupied towns and roads in North China, Central China and South China. On August 9, 1945, Mao Zedong made the declaration “The last battle against the Japanese invaders”, calling on the anti-Japanese forces in China to make massive attacks against Japanese invaders and coordinate with the military operations of the Soviet Union and other allies. He asked the Eighth Route Army, the New Fourth Army and other people’s army to launch massive attacks against the Japanese and puppet troops which cannot accept Japan’s surrender to China. On August 10, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China gave instructions to make massive attacks against the Japanese-occupied cities and roads and take control of these cities and roads since the Soviet Union’s participation in China’s war against Japanese aggression. On August 10 and 11, the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army issued a series of orders to make massive attacks against Japanese invaders. The army and people in the liberated zones continued the war against Japanese army after V-J Day as Japanese army was still at war with Chinese army. The army and people in the liberated zones liberated 150 cities above the county level from August 11 to September 2.