Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Monday, March 10, 2003
China Vowing to Curb Corruption with Olympic Projects Construction: Official
China will strive to curb corruption in the work of building facilities for the 2008 Olympic Games, is expected to cost a total of 280 billion yuan (33.8 billion US dollars) for civic, environmental protection and transport facilities, and the cost for the work of organizing the games alone will reach 1.625 billion US dollars, says a senior organizational official Monday.
China's foreign exchange (Forex) reserve rose 104.7 percent in the past five years from 1997 to 2002, from 139.9 billion US dollars to 286.4 billion US dollars, and the country has thus become the world's second largest nation with biggest Forex reserve only after Japan.
Guo Shuqing, vice-governor of the People's Bank of China, the central bank, and director of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, quoted the figures from Premier Zhu Rongji's Government Work Report to the on-going First Session of the 10 National People's Congress.
Since revamping the structure of its foreign exchange in 1994, he noted, China has recorded a balanced international payment with a steady rise in the sum of its Forex reserve.
The country's Forex reserve is adequate especially for a developing nation, whose own currency, the RMB yuan, remains inconvertible and exchange rates are very stable, he explained.
Guo, who is attending as a member of the 10th Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) the current First Session of the CPPCC, said there is no international criteria on how much a nation's foreign exchange reserve should have, and that all countries have to build up their own reserves by taking their own situation into account.
Between 1989 and 2001, the world's total foreign exchange reserve went up by almost two folds, with the developing countries increasing by four folds. During the period, the proportion of developing nations' Forex exchange reserve in the world's total increased from 36.7 percent to 61.8 percent, and this was in sharpc ontrast with the status of developed nations in this regard.
China's bulging Forex reserve could help boost the national image and that of local companies, encourages investment from overseas, prevent and dilute international financial risks, and enhance the capabilities of the Chinese government on macroeconomic control, the official said.
Moreover, he acknowledged, the central bank has both expertise and related professional knowledge to make profits by investing part of its Forex reserve on the international market.