Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Friday, February 01, 2002
China Enhanced International Competitiveness on Science and Technology
In the first 11 months of 2001, the number of patent application in China has reached 185,000, including 57,000 applied for inventions, with a big increase over 2000. And in 2001, China has remained ranking at the world 8th in number of scientific and technological theses published in the world. According to experts, the data indicate that China has accelerated scientific and technological progress and enhanced the competitiveness.
In the first 11 months of 2001, the number of patent application in China has reached 185,000, including 57,000 applied for inventions, with a big increase over 2000. And in 2001, China has remained ranking at the world 8th in number of sci-tech theses published in the world. According to experts, the data indicate that China has accelerated sci-tech progress and enhanced the competitiveness.
In 2001, there were altogether 1,399,776 sci-tech theses published in the world, with a decline of nearly one percent than that in 2000. While China has published more theses in the world, with altogether 49,678 articles collected by three world-famous researching systems, a 7.6 percent increase than 2000 and ranking the world 8th following the US, Japan, the UN, Germany, Canada and Italy. In the domestic arena, there are altogether 180,848 theses published, an increase of 11. 1 percent.
Not strong enough in international competitiveness
But China's competitiveness in science and technology is still not strong enough for catering to the keen international competition. The Global Competitiveness Report of the International Institute for Management Development (IMD) has ever downgraded the ranking of China's competitive to world 25th due to China's lower funds in the world put in for research and development.
12 key technologies
Only by making greater efforts on science and technology can China catch up with the developed countries in the competitiveness. As reported, China has invested over RMB 5bn yuan into 12 key technologies, including super-large integrated circuit, software, functional genome, biological CMOS chip, electric-driven auto, magnetic Levitating train and the like.
Chinese Minister of Science and Technology Xu Guanhua said Wednesday that China plans to launch research into 12 key technologies this year, in a fight against foreign competitors' monopoly in strategic advanced technologies. China is setting new planning strategies for use in human resource and patent management and theestablishment of technical standards to cope with increasing world competition in science and technology.