China recognizes and respects the principle of sexual equality affirmed in the United Nations Charter and appreciates and supports UN endeavors to promote the status of women and realize sexual equality. China has taken an active part in international women's activities sponsored by the UN. In accordance with its independent foreign policy of peace, China is striving to develop friendly exchanges and cooperation with women from all over the world, while making unremitting efforts to realize the goal of worldwide equality between men and women, women's participation in social development and maintenance of world peace.
Since resuming membership in the UN in October 1971, China has shown great enthusiasm in participating in UN activities related to women.
China has been playing an active role in UN women's organizations.
Since 1974, China has been elected five times as a member state in the UN Commission on
the Status of Women. There, Chinese representatives have expounded Chinese women's stand
on world peace, participation in development and promotion of sexual equality, exchanged
experience and information on promoting women's conditions and giving full play to the
role of women with their counterparts from other countries. This has helped to enhance
mutual understanding and develop friendly cooperation. Since 1982,
China was one of the first signatories to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and has submitted timely reports on its implementation in China as required. China took part in formulating and examining the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000, and has laid down statutes and adopted concrete policies in accordance with China's reality so that the Nairobi Strategies may be realized. China has consistently carried out the principle that men and women enjoy equal pay for equal work. In 1990, it formally ratified the Convention Concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value released by the International Labor Organization.
China supported and engaged in activities for International Women's
Year in 1975 and the UN Decade for Women, from 1975 to 1985. The Chinese government sent
delegations to the world conferences on women held in Mexico City in 1975, Copenhagen in
1980 and Nairobi in 1985, and also to the five global preliminary meetings and two
regional preparatory meetings. At these events, Chinese representatives gave full support
to exertions for the United Nations Decade for Women and expounded China's stand and
viewpoints on some major international problems and strategies for the advancement of
conditions for women, thus making positive contributions to the success of these
conferences. At the same time, Chinese women's organizations sent members to take part in
Non-Governmental Organization Forum held during the three conferences.
Chinese women have made vigorous efforts to develop links with women organizations and individuals around the globe. To date, the All-China Women's Federation has established ties with nearly 480 governmental and non-governmental women's and children's organizations in over 130 countries and regions and received more than 10,000 visitors in recent years, including first ladies, women ministers, members of parliament, entrepreneurs, specialists, scholars and leaders and staff members of women's and children's groups. In the past 15 years, China has sent 280 women delegations abroad. Indeed, Chinese women have friends all over the world.
China believes that although different countries have different histories and their realities and level of economic development vary, they face some common tasks, similar situation and difficulties with regard to women. China is ready to establish relations with women of all states to learn from each other so as to jointly improve the situation for women. In recent years, Chinese women's organizations have jointly sponsored seminars with their counterparts in the United States, Russia, Japan and other countries to study and exchange views on issues that confront women worldwide.
China has taken an active part in international cooperative projects
concerning women. At the request of UNESCO, the Asia-Pacific Development Center and United
Nations University, China has undertaken research projects on Chinese women and submitted
many reports which have all been well received. Over the past decade, the All-China
Women's Federation has cooperated with the United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations
Women's Development Fund, United Nations University, Canadian International Development
Agency and other governmental and non-governmental organizations in
Support has flowed from China for efforts by developing countries to foster women's participation in economic development. Since 1980, China has provided 101 batches of material assistance to women's and children's organizations in 50 countries.The provisions included sewing and embroidery machines, cultural and sports facilities, and clothes and toys. They have helped vocational training for unemployed urban young women and promoted women's work. To meet the needs of these countries, China has in recent years dispatched technical groups specializing in straw, flax and corn straw weaving and embroidery to Mozambique, Mexico, Mauritius, Uganda and Ecuador to help raise the production skills of local women. These contributions have received high praise from the local governments and people.
China adheres to the United Nations theme of equality, development and peace when taking part in international bilateral and multilateral women's activities.
In upholding the principle of equality between men and women, China
believes this concept concerns not only the interests of women but also the full
employment of the wisdom of humanity and total utilization of social productive forces.
Equality is a prerequisite for women's participation in social development. In March 1985,
at the third preliminary session on reviewing the achievements of the UN Decade for Women,
China is convinced that the key to achieving sexual equality is to
enable women to take part in development as the equals of men. Women provide great
momentum for human progress, and without their participation, true progress is not
possible. Nowadays, many obstacles still prevent women from fully taking part in social
development. In addition to formulating laws and regulations to ensure the right to equal
participation, it is necessary to strengthen women's education so that women's talents are
developed and their scientific and cultural standards and management skills can be
enhanced. For historical reasons and as a result of an unfair and irrational global
economic order, most of the developing countries suffer from a low level of economic
development and back-wardness in science and technology. This has seriously hindered
women's participation in social and economic development, hence their low social status.
For this reason, the international economic order should be thoroughly transformed.
Bilateral and multilateral economic and technical cooperation should be developed so that
women worldwide, and especially those from developing countries, can enjoy the
China believes that women are a great force in maintaining world peace, and this is closely linked to the future of our planet and the destiny of the mankind, women in particular. Without peace, development and sexual equality are out of the question. However, in today's world, acts which go against the United Nations Charter and the principles of international law still exist. These include such practices as the big bullying the small, the strong domineering over the weak, interfering in the internal affairs of other countries and violating their sovereignty, and armed aggression and occupation of the territory of other states. Local wars and regional conflicts have been incessant. China firmly supports the struggle by women and the entire humanity against external aggression and interference and the efforts to safeguard national independence, promote national economies and women's advancement. China believes that all countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are equal. Countries should abide by the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence. The internal affairs of a state should be solved by its own people, while international matters should be settled through consultation among countries. Over the years, Chinese women have made unremitting efforts to maintain world peace, and to fight against imperialism, old and new colonialism, hegemonism, racism of various forms, fascism and all forms of terrorism.
As the host country of the Fourth World Conference on Women, China
will make positive efforts to ensure its success. Since the United Nations accepted the
application of the Chinese government and decided to hold the Fourth World Conference on
Women in Beijing in September 1995, the Chinese government has attached great importance
to its preparatory work. In August 1992, the State Council set up an Organization
Committee consisting of leaders from 30 relevant ministries, the Beijing municipal
government and mass groups to be fully responsible for the preparation. Chaired by State
Councilor Peng Peiyun, the committee stresses that the preparation