NOTES


Zhang Guotao (1897-1979), a native of Pingxiang County, Jiangxi Province, attended the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921. Later, he served as a member of the Central Committee, of its Political Bureau and of the Bureau's Standing Committee. In 1931 he became Secretary of the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Sub-bureau of the Central Committee, Chairman of the Sub-bureau's Military Commission and Vice-Chairman of the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. In June 1935, when the First Front Army of the Central Red Army joined forces with his Fourth Front Army in Maogong (now Xiaojin), Sichuan Province, Zhang Guotao became the Red Army's general political commissar. He opposed the Central Committee's decision to have the Red Army continue its northward march. He worked to split the Party and the Red Army and set up a separate central committee. This "second" central committee was forced to dissolve in June 1936. After the Red Army reached northern Shaanxi, Zhang served as Vice-Chairman and then Acting Chairman of the Government of the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region. In April 1938 he fled the region and joined the Kuomintang secret police. He was subsequently expelled from the Party.