On September 30, 1981, Ye Jianying, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, announced nine principles concerning the return of Taiwan to the motherland for the peaceful reunification of China. This part of his statement read as follows:
1. In order to bring an end to the unfortunate separation of the Chinese nation as early as possible, we propose that talks be held between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang of China on a reciprocal basis, so that the two parties can cooperate for the third time to accomplish the great cause of national reunification. The two sides may first send people to meet for an exhaustive exchange of views.
2. It is the urgent desire of the people of all [China's] nationalities on both sides of the Straits to communicate with each other, reunite with their relatives, develop trade and increase mutual understanding. We propose that the two sides make arrangements to facilitate the exchange of mail, trade, air and shipping services, family reunions and visits by relatives and tourists as well as academic, cultural and sports exchanges, and reach an agreement thereupon.
3. After the country is reunified, Taiwan can enjoy a high degree of autonomy as a special administrative region and can retain its armed forces. The Central Government will not interfere with local affairs on Taiwan.
4. Taiwan's current socio-economic system will remain unchanged, as will its way of life and its economic and cultural relations with foreign countries. There will be no encroachment on proprietary rights or on the lawful right of inheritance of private property, houses, land and enterprises, or on foreign investments.
5. People in authority and representative persons from various circles in Taiwan may take up posts of leadership in national political bodies and participate in running the state.
6. When Taiwan's local finances are in difficulty, the Central Government may offer subsidies as appropriate.
7. For people of all [China's] nationalities and public figures of various circles in Taiwan who wish to settle on the mainland, we guarantee that proper arrangements will be made, that there will be no discrimination against them, and that they will have freedom of entry and exit.
8. We hope that industrialists and businessmen in Taiwan will invest in the mainland and engage in economic undertakings there, and their legal rights, interests and profits will be guaranteed.
9. The reunification of the motherland is the responsibility of all Chinese. We sincerely hope that through various channels, people of all [China's] nationalities, public figures in all circles and all mass organizations in Taiwan will make proposals regarding affairs of state.