Rao Shushi (1903-75), a native of Linchuan, Jiangxi Province, served as First Secretary of the East China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the East China Administrative Council. When he served as head of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee, he plotted to split the Party and usurp supreme Party leadership and state power together with Gao Gang. In March 1955 the National Conference of the Chinese Communist Party passed a resolution and expelled him from the Party.