Zhang Chunqiao (1917- ) was a native of Juye, Shandong Province. During the ``cultural revolution'', he served as a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, a member of its Standing Committee, and Deputy Chief of the Cultural Revolution Group under the Central Committee. Together with Jiang Qing, he organized and directed the counter-revolutionary clique, the Gang of Four, and stepped up efforts to plot to usurp supreme Party leadership and state power. In July 1977, the Third Plenary Session of the Tenth Central Committee of the CPC adopted a resolution, expelling him from the Party and dismissing him from all his posts, both inside and outside the Party. In January 1981, he was sentenced to death, deferred for two years, and deprived of political rights for life by the Special Court under the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China. In January 1983, his sentence was reduced to life imprisonment by the Criminal Court under the Supreme People's Court, with the former judgement of lifelong deprivation of political rights unchanged.