The Supreme People's Procuratorate
President: Jia Chunwang
The people's procuratorates are State organs for legal supervision. The Supreme People's Procuratorate is the highest procuratorial organ. It is mainly responsible for supervising regional procuratorates and special procuratorates to perform legal supervision by law and protecting the unified and proper enforcement of State laws. The Supreme People's Procuratorate has to report its work to the NPC and its Standing Committee, to whom it is responsible, and accept their supervision.
According to the Constitution and statutes, the Supreme People's Procuratorate is primarily in charge of: leading the procuratorial work of regional and special procuratorates at all levels; accepting and hearing cases of corruption, bribery, tort to citizen's democratic rights and misconduct in office, and placing them on file for investigation and prosecution; performing legal supervision of the judicial process of courts and investigation of criminal cases; deciding arrest and prosecution concerning severe criminal cases; performing legal supervision of the trying of criminal cases; lodging protests against effective but wrong judgements and rulings made by various courts to the Supreme People's Court according to law; exercising legal supervision of activities conducted in prisons and reform through labor institutions; providing legal explanations of the application of laws in practical procuratorial works; formulating regulations and by laws concerning procuratorial works; leading and administrating public procurators according to law; organizing and guiding the education and training of officials with the procuratorial departments; sponsoring negotiations with foreign procuratorial departments; and developing judicial assistance.