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The Supreme People's Court

President: Xiao Yang

The Supreme People's Court is the highest judicial organ in China and is responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee.

It independently exercises the highest judicial right according to the law and without any interruption by administrative organs, social organizations or individuals. Its structure comprises a judicial committee, or the highest judicial organization, and courts or the No.1 Criminal Tribunal, the No.2 Criminal Tribunal, the Civil Tribunal, the Economic Tribunal, the Administrative Tribunal, the Complaint and Appeal Tribunal and the Communication and Transportation Tribunal.

According to the Constitution and statutes, the Supreme People's Court is charged with three responsibilities:

  • First, trying cases that have the greatest influence in China, hearing appeals against the legal decisions of higher courts, and trying the cases the Supreme People's Court claims are within its original jurisdiction.
  • Second, supervising the work of local courts and special courts at every level, overruling wrong judgements they might have made, and deciding interrogations and reviewing cases tried by the lower courts.
  • Third, giving judicial explanations of the specific utilization of laws in the judicial process that must be carried out nationwide.
  • The president of the Supreme People's Court is elected by the NPC and remains in office for no more than two successive terms with each term of five years. The deputy presidents of the Supreme People's Court, members of the judicial committee, presiding judges of affiliated courts and their deputies, and judicial officers are appointed and recalled by the Standing Committee of the NPC.

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