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English >> About China >> China Ancient Architecture
Special Feature of Architecture
Palace Structures
Altars and Temples
Traditional Chinese Gardens

China, one of the most ancient countries in the world, has a history of more than 5,000 years. At the mention of the Chinese civilization, its architectural achievements in particular, we customarily call to mind those landmark buildings like the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven. As we see them, these structures indeed represent the essence of traditional Chinese architecture. But it has to be noted that other ancient structures in countless numbers can also be found on the vast land of China. To name just some: cities and towns of classical beauty, imposing palace complexes, magnificent tombs and mausoleums, awe-inspiring temples and altars, gardens that feature a harmony of natural and artificial beauty, and residential buildings beautiful with a primitive simplicity. These provide ample material evidence to the development of the Chinese civilization by people of the various ethnic groups over the milleniums. Whatever it is, an ancient structure enlivens the spirit of China's traditional culture and, in one way or another, represents ancient China's accomplishments in construction techniques and architectural art. Of the numerous schools of architectural art in the world, the Chinese school of architectural art strikes a line for itself.


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