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English >> About China >> China Basic Series >> China's Diplomacy
China's Diplomacy
·China's Diplomacy
·Adhere to the Principle of Independence 
·Oppose Hegemonism and Maintain World Peace
·Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence 

After the founding of New China, the basic objectives of its diplomacy included: to secure national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, maintain world peace, and strive for an international environment favorable to the country's development. At that time the socialist countries headed by the Soviet Union and the imperialist countries headed by the United States were in relentless confrontation. The United States refused to recognize the Government of the People's Republic of China, and it even went further to impose political containment, economic blockade and military threat against China. In face of such a situation, China openly declared that it sided with the socialist camp, strived to enhance the alliance with the Soviet Union and other socialist countries, and firmly opposed the US policy of aggression and war. The Common Program of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, which served as the interim Constitution in the early days of the People's Republic, stipulates, "The principle of the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China is the protection of the independence, freedom, integrity of territory and sovereignty of the country, upholding of lasting international peace and friendly cooperation between the peoples of all countries, and opposition to the imperialist policy of aggression and war." In conformity with new changes, the new Constitution enacted in 1982 summarizes the basic principles of China's foreign policy as the following: "China adheres to an independent foreign policy as well as to the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence in developing diplomatic relations and economic and cultural exchanges with other countries; China consistently opposes imperialism, hegemonism and colonialism, works to strengthen unity with the people of other countries, supports the oppressed nations and the developing countries in their just struggle to win and preserve national independence and develop their national economies, and strives to safeguard world peace and promote the cause of human progress." In the past two decades and more, great changes have taken place in China and the world, and the Chinese Government has accordingly adjusted and developed the basic principles of its foreign policy. In short, China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The basic objectives of this policy are to safeguard China's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, promote friendly exchanges and cooperation with other countries, work for a better international and peripheral environment for the country's reform, opening up and modernization drive, maintain world peace, and promote common development.


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