Latest News:  
Beijing   Cloudy    27 / 17 ℃  City Forecast

English>>Foreign Affairs

Facing war history

(China Daily)

09:15, October 05, 2012

Soul-searching of its military aggressions is a must for Japan to exhibit its political will and solve disputes with neighbors

The Yoshihiko Noda administration is not seeing the wood for the trees devoting all its energy to the Diaoyu Islands. It is letting its country's diplomatic relations with China stagnate.

By putting these islands under Japanese government control, the Noda administration is trying to fool people into thinking that Japan has a legal right to them.

However, its claim of sovereignty over these islands, also known as Diaoyutai in the Taiwan region of China and as the Senkakus in Japan, is untenable on two historical fronts.

China discovered and controlled the islands from the 14th century. For several centuries the Diaoyu Islands have been administered as part of Taiwan and have always been used exclusively by Chinese fishermen as a base for fishing, both before and after World War II.

In 1874 Japan took the Liu Chiu Islands, known as the Ryukyu Islands or as represented by its biggest island Okinawa in Japan, by force when the Chinese Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) was at war with several countries. The Diaoyu Islands, however, remained under the administration of Taiwan, an inalienable part of China. Following its defeat in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95, the Qing government was forced to cede Taiwan including the affiliated islands of Diaoyu to Japan under the Shimonoseki Treaty.

After WWII the Japanese government accepted the terms in the 1943 Cairo Declaration and 1945 Potsdam Proclamation, including the one "that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa (as Taiwan was referred to prior to 1945), the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China".

On Sept 2, 1945, the Japanese government accepted the Potsdam Proclamation in explicit terms with the Japanese Instrument of Surrender and pledged to faithfully fulfill the obligations enshrined in the provisions of the Potsdam Proclamation.

All the documents shatter Japan's justification for its claim of sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands. The Cairo Declaration and Potsdam Proclamation enabled the victorious nations including China to create a post-war international order.

The San Francisco Peace Treaty, which was signed between Japan, the United States and some other countries in 1951 without China being present, placed the Nansei Islands south of the 29th parallel of North Latitude under United Nations' trusteeship, with the United States as the sole administering authority. This arrangement was protested by the Chinese government.

The Nansei Islands placed under the administration of the US did not include Diaoyu Islands. The United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) issued Provisions of the Government of the Ryukyu Islands on Feb 29, 1952 and Civil Administration Proclamation No 27 (defining the "geographical boundary lines of the Ryukyu Islands") on Dec 25, 1953, arbitrarily expanding its jurisdiction to include China's Diaoyu Islands.

In 1972 the administration of the islands were reverted illegally to Japanese control under the Okinawa Reversion Treaty between the US and Japan.

This control does not necessarily entitle Japan to sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands.

China decided that its contemporary relations with Japan should not be held hostage to history. So in 1972 - 27 years after Japan's surrender, which marked the end of Japanese aggression - China established diplomatic relations with Japan.

To make this happen, the leaders of the two countries were forward-looking and wise. They agreed to put aside the territorial dispute of the Diaoyu Islands.

The minutes kept by the Committee on the International Relations of Japan's House of Representatives on Aug 18, 1978 reveal Japanese Foreign Minister Sunao Sonoda's proposal on joint development of the Diaoyu Islands.

Today's Japanese leaders have the nerve to say there is no dispute on the islands.

【1】 【2】

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:厉振羽、梁军)

Leave your comment0 comments

  1. Name

  

Selections for you


  1. Chinese weapons arouse discussions

  2. Cover story: 13 children's school

  3. Mounting calls for free access to Wi-Fi

  4. 6 crew detained after HK ship collision

  5. Are you ready for golden autumn break?

  6. MadMud | Everything, By Everyone, For Everyone

Opinions

  1. Commentary: Pricing strategies for success
  2. 'Economic war' with Japan unwise
  3. An end to the era of double-digit growth
  4. Human resources need more investment
  5. Japan should know facts rather than rhetoric prevail
  6. Be vigilant against resurgence of militarism in Japan
  7. Easy times gone for foreign firms in China
  8. Noda gov't in hot water as LDP eyes comeback
  9. White paper makes watertight case for Diaoyu claim
  10. Intl firms should learn from Chinese counterparts

What's happening in China

Travel peak around China during holiday

  1. Food safety standard set to be on menu next year
  2. Toll-free roads policy sparks debate
  3. Police mobilized to cope with traffic peak
  4. Guangdong truck crash kills 5, injures 9
  5. China's railways see record traffic

China Features

  1. More chances for Chinese, Canadian businesses
  2. Culture invasion? Starbucks kisses Buddha
  3. Public should enjoy more 'tourism benefits'
  4. Ancient villages face losing their souls
  5. Economic circles key to Sino-Japan relations

PD Online Data

  1. Ministry of Water Resources
  2. Ministry of Railways
  3. People's Bank of China
  4. Ministry of Health
  5. Ministry of Culture