|Japanese government“nationalizes” the Diaoyu Islands and arouses anger among the Chinese people.(CNS/Chen Chao)|
The Japanese government's decision to "nationalize" the Diaoyu Islands, made on the afternoon of Sept. 10, has undermined the Sino-Japan relations and brought the Diaoyu Islands issue to the edge of crisis.
The Japanese government's "purchase" of the islands is the most blatant challenge to China's sovereignty since the Second World War. It attempts to strengthen its alleged control over the Diaoyu Islands and unilaterally violates the consensus of "putting aside the disputes" which was reached 40 years ago when the Sino-Japan diplomatic relations returned to normal.
The Diaoyu Islands have been China's inherent territory since the 16th century, instead of the "islands without owners" claimed by Japan. It is the Japanese invasion that causes the Diaoyu Islands issue.
After the Second World War, the "Cairo Declaration" and "Potsdam Proclamation" established the basic arrangement framework of disposal of Japan, which made it clear that Japan must return all the territories it had occupied illegally.
However, the United States flagrantly violated the Charter of the United Nations and the related resolutions on mandated territories and privately transferred the Diaoyu Islands and Ryukyu Islands to Japan in 1972. The United States defined the deal as "transferring the right of administration" and claimed that Japan did not own the sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands.
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