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SCO principles create new model of international relations: Russian expert

(Xinhua)

14:48, June 04, 2012

A citizen walks past the flower decorations designed to celebrate the upcoming Beijing summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Beijing, capital of China, June 4, 2012. The 12th Meeting of the Council of Heads of the SCO Member States will be held in Beijing from June 6 to 7. (Xinhua/Liu Changlong)

MOSCOW, May 31 (Xinhua) -- The Shanghai Cooperation Organization has created a new model of international relations with its principles of equality, mutual respect and trust, a Russian expert says.

Though member states are different by their potential, they have equal rights inside the SCO, which marks its uniqueness as countries of different weight "never have equal voting right" in similar organizations before, said Tatyana Sinitsina, editor in chief of the Russian InfoSCO website.

"It was an unheard matter, because in all western coalitions the power rules the way or another. Never a weak one sits at the same table with the strong one like the U.S., they all sit according to the rank," Sinitsina said ahead of the 12th SCO Heads of State Council meeting in Beijing on June 6-7.

Established in 2001 by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the regional bloc was initially created to counter terrorists and extremists in the member countries, especially along the borders.

At the very beginning, SCO received little recognition from the outside world. With more than 10 years' growth, it has matured and embedded itself into the world architecture, Sinitsina told Xinhua during a recent interview.

"Nobody believed earlier in SCO. Not even all agencies reported about Shanghai Charter. But it has grown into an enormous organization which has future," Sinitsina said.

To reach a mature independent stage on the world arena, SCO members need to attain a higher coordination of actions and create joint economic projects, Sinitisna said.

One of the SCO's main problems, Sinitsina said, is the bilateral character of the projects. There are Russia-China, Kazakhstan-China, Uzbekistan-Tajikistan and other bilateral agreements but few multilateral pacts involving several members.

Sinitsina said the reason for the lack of pacts is that multilateral projects would cause many side-effects. For instance, there would be the problem of how to calculate currencies and how to balance them legally.

To advance multilateral projects and coordinations, the SCO will have to solve those problems, the expert said.

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