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China has adequate legal basis for sovereignty over Huangyan Island

By Zhong Sheng (People's Daily)

09:36, May 10, 2012

Edited and translated by People's Daily online

Firstly, China is the first country to discover and name the Huangyan Island and incorporate it into the territory of China to exercise the jurisdiction over it.

China discovered Huangyan Island in the Yuan dynasty.

The Water Mapping Review Committee, which was composed of China's Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of the Navy and Ministry of Education, announced 132 islands, reefs and beaches of the China South Sea in January 1935. Among them, as a part of Zhongsha Islands, the Huangyan Island, which was called "Scarborough Shoal" at the time, was included in the territory of China. In October 1947, Chinese government announced a new list of the South China Sea islands and the Scarborough Shoal was renamed as "Minzhu Reef" in it. In 1983, the Chinese Toponymy Committee was authorized to release a list of some South China Sea islands and began to use Huangyan Island as the island's standard name. The island's another name is "Minzhu Reef." All the official maps published by Chinese government mark the Huangyan Island as Chinese territory, and China has noted that the Huangyan Island is Chinese territory in its announcements and declarations concerning the sovereignty of the South China Sea islands.

Secondly, China has been developing and utilizing the Huangyan Island for a long time.

The Huangyan Island is the traditional fishing place for Chinese fishermen. Chinese fishing boats had often engaged in fishery production activities since ancient times.

The Chinese Government had sent the scientific expedition to investigate the Huangyan Island for more than once. For example, the researchers of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences had boarded the Huangyan Island in October 1977. In June 1978, these researchers again boarded it for investigation. In April 1985, the South China Sea Branch of the State Oceanic Administration organized a comprehensive expedition to investigate the Huangyan Island. In 1994, the South China Sea scientific expedition arrived in Huangyan Island to investigate it and built a one-meter-high concrete monument on the island. In 1994, 1995 and 1997, China had successively authorized radio amateurs boarding the island.

Thirdly, the Philippines has no rights to claim the territorial sovereignty of Huangyan Island.

First, Huangyan Island is outside the territory of Philippines.

The Philippine territory was determined by a series of international treaties and no treaty had stated that the Huangyan Island belongs to the Philippines. The "Treaty of Paris between Spain and the United States" in 1898, the "Treaty of Washington between Spain and the United States" in 1900 and the "Anglo-American Treaty" in 1930 (called the "three Treaties" for short) had clearly defined that 118 degrees East longitude is the western limit of Philippine territory. The Huangyan Island is outside it. The Philippine Constitution in 1935, the US-Philippine General Relations Treaty in 1947, the Philippine-US Military Alliance Treaty in 1952, the Act 3046 set by Philippines about its territorial sea baseline on June 17, 1961 and the amendment of the territorial sea baseline by Philippines in 1968 successively reaffirmed the legal validity of the "three Treaties" and explicitly recognized that the territory of Philippines does not include the Huangyan Island. The maps published by the Philippines in 1981 and 1984 also did not incorporate Huangyan Island. The above facts have fully proved that the Huangyan Island is outside the scope of Philippine territory and does not belong to the Philippines.

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Leave your comment2 comments

  1. Name

Steven D. at 2012-05-11222.127.242.*
Please, if you have all the proofs, why do China oppose taking this to the UN for resolution of each others claim?
just saying at 2012-05-11120.28.91.*
so given all these facts, and given a stand-off situation, why doesn't china agree to let an international third party decide on this dispute?

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