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Fines set for overseas births over legal limits (2)

(Shanghai Daily)

08:38, November 02, 2012

A Shanghai population official said Shenzhen residents represent the majority of mainland people delivering children in Hong Kong, while there are only sporadic cases in other cities due to the distance.

Even though written into the local law, some Shenzhen residents interviewed by local media said collecting evidence about children born overseas is difficult, which may make it hard to enforce the law.

The mainland's family planning policies allow couples to have a second child under a few conditions, such as when both spouses are from a one-child family and the first child has a non-inherited disease. In some provinces, rural couples are allowed to have a second child if their first child is a girl.

As Shenzhen announces tough sanctions, a Chinese government think tank has called on the central government to consider adjusting its family planning policy, as structural problems such as having the average age of the population rise too fast have overtaken excessive growth as the most significant population-related problem.

According to a report issued by the think tank last Friday, problems caused by the one-child policy such as the population's age and distribution have become increasingly visible and will have a profound impact on China's future social and economic development.

The China Development Research Foundation report said the government should gradually loosen the one-child policy in regions where family planning has been strictly implemented, such as in urban areas. By 2015, there will be no need to continue birth planning, as people will make more rational decisions on birth issues, the foundation said.

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