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People's Daily Online>>China Society

China's poorest counties named

By Yang Jingjie (Global Times)

10:25, March 20, 2012

(Photo from Global Times)

The country's task force for poverty alleviation Monday updated a list of 592 key counties in the national program to reduce poverty, which are expected to receive billions of yuan in fiscal support from the government.

The State Council's Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development unveiled the list on its official website.

Of the 592 counties, 217 are in the central region, and the rest are in the west of the country. More than 230 of these impoverished counties are located in provinces or regions inhabited by ethnic minorities.

Yunnan Province topped the list with 73 counties. It is followed by Guizhou and Shaanxi provinces, with each having 50 counties included in the list.

In 1986, the country designated 273 counties as national poverty-stricken counties. In 1994, the number was raised to 592, which has stayed as a cap for the poverty reduction program since then.

Over the past two decades, the list has undergone three major adjustments with over half of the counties replaced. In 2001, the government decided to exclude all counties in coastal areas from the list, leading to 33 such counties being dropped.

To be considered for the list, the counties are evaluated by factors such as the population living below the poverty line, per capita net income and per capita government revenue.

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