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People's Daily Online>>China Society

Progress made in HIV/AIDS campaign

By Shan Juan (China Daily)

10:42, November 25, 2011

Nearly 75 percent of the 216 children who attend primary school in Lulou village, Anhui province, are HIV-positive or were orphaned when their parents died of AIDS. Many Anhui villagers were infected when they sold their blood illegally in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Wu Fang / for China Daily

Latest official estimate shows slower rate of increase on the mainland, Shan Juan reports in Beijing.

About 780,000 people will be living with HIV/AIDS on the mainland by the end of this year, 40,000 more than 2009, according to an estimate issued jointly by the Ministry of Health and UNAIDS.

Nearly 370,000 sufferers have been detected, including 154,000 with full-blown AIDS, the report said. Of the 200,000 who need treatment according to World Health Organization (WHO) standards, 130,000 are receiving it.

The estimated number of new infections this year stands at 48,000. Nearly 82 percent of infections resulted from sex, including more than 29 percent through homosexual acts.

"The epidemic is still on the rise in China . . . but at a slower rate than previous years," Wu Zunyou, director of the National Center for AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Control and Prevention, said on Wednesday in an exclusive interview.

Wu said China had a low prevalence, meaning infection rates as a percentage of the population.

China's rate overall is 0.06 percent. The WHO defines high prevalence as 1 percent or more.

However, "sexual transmission is increasing, particularly among men having sex with men, and the virus is spreading into more diversified groups like the elderly and young students, which makes intervention more complex and tougher," Wu said.

Of the cases reported so far this year, roughly 20 percent were in people 50 and older, up 10 percentage points from 2007, statistics from the ministry showed.

"Most of them got infected through unprotected sex, because with improving health and their economic situation, some kept sexually active and sought prostitution," Wu said.

Infections among students ages 20 to 24 also increased, with 56 percent contracting the virus via gay sex.

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Canada at 2011-11-2670.36.49.*
Our blood supply in the past was contaminated too. Discrimination against gays, prostitutes & drug addicts exists in Canada & the U.S. Vancouver & San Francisco have large gay communities. They both did a good job educating their communities on safe sex & use of condoms. Privacy helps prevent discrimination, & free testing, are key to successful control of spreading. Free testing & treatment for all sexually transmitted diseases should be available. Not sure, but I believe BC recently offered free cocktail treatment, finding it was cheaper to do that than treat all the other diseases that HIV/AIDS can cause. If free treatment is not available, infected individuals facing certain death will care less about transmitting it to others. People testing positive are asked to name their sex partners. It all works best if privacy is guaranteed.
  

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