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China to improve ocean disaster safeguards


16:30, October 17, 2011

Edited and translated by People's Daily Online

In the next five years, China's State Oceanic Administration (SOA) will continuously enhance its capability to observe and assess marine climate change. It will also set up and perfect mechanisms for monitoring marine disasters and giving early warning information, which will effectively reduce losses caused by marine disasters to the coastal economy, society and people's life and property, said Chen Lianzeng, deputy director general of State Oceanic Administration on Oct. 16, 2011.

He also added that the ocean is now experience the great influence of increasingly serious climate change. A warming climate can generate various negative phenomena such as worldwide ocean acidification, sea level rise, marine ecosystem retrogradation and frequent marine disasters.

The Chinese government highly values the efforts in dealing with climate change and issued China's National Climate Change Program in 2007 in which China proposed to make coastal zone and coastal areas as the priority fields in dealing with climate change. In the years that followed, China formulated related laws, increased technology development and application strength, enhanced the capabilities of marine environmental monitoring and early warning and strengthened the efforts to deal with sea level rise.

According to Chen's introduction, a primary planning system answering to global climate change has been established, which is one of the sound effects of SOA's efforts in recent years. More than 50 tidal stations with GPS (Global Position System) observational facilities have been fixed and offshore buoies renovation has been finished which evidently have improved the marine climate observation ability. What's more, it has also improved the monitoring of air-sea carbon dioxide exchange flux which is an advantageous attempt in mapping the time and space distribution pattern of China's carbon sources. In addition, it has started the appraisement of El Nino and other oceanic changes’ influence on China's flood season feature, which provides an instructive proposal for governments at all levels to make a good climate response.

China's National Climate Change Program will be fully implemented in the next 5 years and three priorities of the work need to be done by SOA:

First, carry out the overall coordination work well and actively explore the business support platform in order to form an effective resultant force for dealing with marine climate change.

Second, exert its efforts to put forward the construction of business marine climate monitoring system and carry out a long term monitoring and assessment work on atmospheric marine material exchange, providing basic data for air-sea interaction mechanism research and appraisement of climate change influence and its counter plan research.

What's more, scientific research and international cooperation need to be brought to the forefront. SOA and other international organizations should also carry out equipment and technology assistance to underdeveloped countries as well as low-lying costal countries.


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