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26 provinces have aging populations

(People's Daily Online)

15:05, August 23, 2011

The main data of the sixth national population census has been announced in Guangxi, and the 31 provinces in China have finished publicizing their own census's data. On Apr. 28, the National Bureau of Statistics of China publicized the main data of the census in 2010, which found that there are about 1.37 billion people in China, of whom 51.27 percent are male and 48.73 percent, female.

According to the statistics, more than 7 percent of total people are older than 65 years old in 26 provinces in China, and China has become an aging society.

The elderly number nearly 10 million in Shandong

On the basis of the international convention adopted in China, a society with people older than 65 years old accounting for 7 percent is an aging society. According to the data from different provinces, six provinces have more than 10 percent of people older than 65 years, an increase of five provinces compared to the fifth national population census in 2000. Twenty-six provinces have more than 7 percent of people older than 65, an increase of 13 provinces compared to 10 years ago. There are only five provinces with less than 7 percent of people older than 65.

With regard to the population, the data of the sixth census shows that 27 provinces have more than one million people over 65, an increase of two provinces compared to the fifth national population census. The provinces of Shandong, Sichuan, Jiangsu and Henan are ranked the four provinces with the largest aging population, and the population in Shandong has even reached 9.4 million.

According to the data of the sixth national population census, the number people who are older than 65 amounts to 119 million, and they account for 8.87 percent of the total. Those people also account for much more than 7 percent, an increase of 1.91 percent compared to the fifth national population census.

21 provinces with fewer and fewer children

On the basis of the sixth national population census, the proportion of children aged between 0 and 14 years old has changed significantly as well. There is no province where teenagers account for 30 percent and only 10 provinces where teenagers account for 10 percent to 20 percent along, and three provinces have less than 10 percent.

According to the demographic statistical standards, a society with people between 0 and 14 accounting for 15 percent or less is termed a "super baby bust," 15 percent to 18 percent is a "serious baby bust" and between 18 percent and 20 percent is a "baby bust." That is to say, there are 21 provinces belonging to the "baby bust" category, and 11 provinces are suffering a "super baby bust." Among them, the proportions of teenagers in Beijing and Shanghai, which are less than 10 percent, are the lowest in China.

No solutions prepared

The 21st century is an era of aging population signified by a predictive research report about China’s aging population tendency announced by a committee on the elderly in 2006. China had entered an era of aging population in 1999, and it was also a country that became an aging society at an early stage relative to other developing countries. In the 21st century, China will become an irreversible aging society.

The report also emphasizes the serious backwardness in terms of solutions, such as thoughts, material and regime, for the aging population. China should have adequate preparation for the apex of the aging population due to limited time.

Mu Guangzong, the professor in the institute of population research of Peking University, said that the 21st century is a century of aging population. As the human fertility is decreasing and stays low along with lengthened life expectancy, the aging population will be more extensive. Afterwards, population aging will be accelerated and more serious.


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