Edited and translated by People's Daily Online
Human rights protection was written into the Constitution in 2004, which attracted widespread attention. Eight years later, The National People’s Congress amends the Criminal Procedure Law and once again highlights the principle of protecting human rights.
The criminal litigation system closely relates with citizens' personal freedom and other fundamental rights. Writing human rights protection into the law can not only show the socialist nature of China's judicial system, but also better follow the principle of respecting and protecting human rights in criminal proceedings.
The human rights legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics should provide comprehensive and systematic legal guarantees for respecting and safeguarding human rights, serving people's livelihood and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of citizens.
China's constitution has not only clearly defined the basic principle of "the state respects and safeguards human rights" but also provided more than 20 fundamental rights. China's laws, including the constitution, civil law, commercial law, administrative law, economic law and social law, specify citizens' political rights, economic rights, social rights, cultural rights and other human rights from different angles and at different levels to ensure that citizens enjoy extensive, actual and universal human rights and fundamental freedoms through law and system. Now, "to respect and protect human rights" has been written into the Code of Criminal Procedure, which makes the legal protection of human rights even more solid and perfect.
The legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics should put people first. In a people-oriented law, rule of law is not the measure of control but a lifestyle shared by all the people. No matter in the process of legislation or in the specific provisions, a country should adhere to the principle of keep "people-oriented".