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China enacts 18 social laws to maintain equity, promote harmony: white paper

(Xinhua)

13:35, October 27, 2011

BEIJING, Oct. 27 (Xinhua) -- China had enacted 18 social laws and many administrative and local regulations to regulate labor relations and social security by the end of August 2011, in order to safeguard social equity and promote social harmony.

China's Labor Law deals with labor relations and other relationships closely related to them, such as labor protection, labor safety and hygiene, occupational training, labor disputes and labor supervision, thus establishing China's basic labor system, says a white paper titled "The Socialist System of Laws with Chinese Characteristics" issued on Thursday.

Moreover, China has enacted laws and regulations to strengthen the protection of the rights and interests of laborers, and establish and improve the system that promotes the development and administration of public welfare undertakings, says the white paper issued by the Information Office of the State Council.

The white paper says that China attaches importance to the building of its social security system.

By the end of 2010 the endowment insurance system of urban workers covered 257 million people, an increase of 1.7 times compared with 2002, and the new rural endowment insurance system covered 103 million people, the white paper says.

The basic health insurance for rural and urban residents covered 1.26 billion people, 13 times the number in 2002, and work-related injury insurance covered 161 million people, it says.

The coverage of unemployment insurance and maternity insurance is also expanding rapidly.

According to the white paper, China has basically established a social relief system covering both urban and rural areas, and by the end of 2010 some 77 million residents with financial difficulties in China received minimum subsistence allowance.

The level of China's social security is constantly improving, and people are sharing the fruits of development, the white paper says.

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