Latest News:  
Beijing   Sunny/Cloudy    33 / 23 ℃  City Forecast

Home>>Life & Culture

Bonan Nationality

(People's Daily Online)

10:38, July 23, 2012

Population and Language:

Southwest of the Gansu Province, the area of Mt. Jishishan Bonan, Dongxiang, and Salar Autonomous County is home to the Bonan ethnic minority. With a population of just sixteen thousand, they are one of the smallest ethnic minorities in China. They speak a unique Bonan language which is part of the 'Altai' language family descended from Mongolian. Most can also speak and write Mandarin Chinese like the majority Han people.

History:

It is thought that the Bonan ethnic minority developed over a long period of time formed largely by Mongolians who followed Islam. During the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, some people of the Hui, Tibetan, and Tu ethnic minorities were assimilated into the group, often through marriage and in this way the groups influenced each other. The Bonan people did, however, retain most of their Moslem traditions and customs.

Economy:

The Bonan economy developed rapidly in two periods: the early Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) and after the foundation of modern China. They tend to grow highland barley, wheat and corn. They only eat beef and mutton and refuse to eat non-ruminants and their by-products. The Bonan people boast a thriving handicraft industry as almost everyone is an expert in knife forging on brass, copper or ox bones; creating intricate and durable products. This handicraft industry has a long history of over a hundred years. The Bonan women are especially skilled at paper-cutting and engraving unique flower patterns on furniture, utensils and knives.

【1】 【2】

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:杜明明、雪萌)

Leave your comment0 comments

  1. Name

  

Selections for you


  1. APF servicemen in training

  2. Hazards removed from apartment of cinema shooting suspect

  3. No hard landing for Chinese economy

  4. Int'l Youth Dance Festival held in Macao

  5. Two escape from burning building by bed sheet in Beijing

  6. 'Sanfutie' gains popularity

Most Popular

Opinions

  1. West wrong on Chinese public's Syria view
  2. Clinton’s Asia trip takes economic turn
  3. Will SE Asia become a battleground?
  4. Credit stimulus not panacea
  5. Reforms are promising, but not perfect
  6. Raise awareness of domestic brands
  7. Ivy League not gold standard for teachers
  8. No need to panic about slowdown in China
  9. Commentary: Health of stock market
  10. S. China Sea tensions stirred up with outside help

What's happening in China

Hostage case prompts questions on training

  1. New track laid to link Xinjiang's Lop Nur
  2. Storms set to hit southwest of China
  3. Transport workers welcome higher wages
  4. License plate cost still high despite new policy
  5. 15 arrested in cross-border bank card fraud scam

China Features

  1. You and me, in Beijing to understand China
  2. Guided-missile battalion conducts training
  3. Main ingredient of Evian toner is water
  4. DPRK celebrates top leader's Marshal title
  5. Cangshan Mountain in Shanxi province

PD Online Data

  1. Spring Festival
  2. Chinese ethnic odyssey
  3. Yangge in Shaanxi
  4. Gaoqiao in Northern China
  5. The drum dance in Ansai