Latest News:  
Beijing   Thundershower/Overcast    28 / 22 ℃  City Forecast

Home>>Life & Culture

Imperial Examination in Sui & Tang Dynasties

(People's Daily Online)

14:27, July 12, 2012

Imperial Examination as the Main Form of Education

The system of the Imperial Examination, or Keju in Chinese, became the method by which talented people were recognized and selected for future positions in civil service. It began to be put into practice in the Sui Dynasty and lasted more than 1,300 years until the last examination during the Qing Dynasty. Thus it enjoyed a long and dominant position in the history of ancient Chinese education.

The imperial examinations comprised two parts namely an arts exam and the wushu exam. The arts examination includeds composition, study of books, laws, calligraphy, paintings and so on, while the wushu examination was used for selecting military officials but was not subject to the same degree of importance as the arts examination.

In the ancient society, class consciousness was strong and many people from lower classes would had have little chance to reach high office, not mention having any position in the official court. But once the 'keju' evaluation system was introduced, children from poor families had opportunities to attend the government exams, and this enabled them to bring honor to their families. Also, was a special exam for smart little children - 'tongziju', which was similar in many ways to today's special classes for gifted children. Thus regardless of parentage, or age, nearly all males were eligible to realize their self-development.

Despite the significant effect of promoting Confucian culture and education, it also influenced education systems in many other countries like Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, and similarities can be found in the personnel selection methods employed in France, America and Britain. Today's education system is surely its successor.

Origin of Imperial Examination in Sui Dynasty

It was during the Sui Dynasty that the many separate states were unified into a whole. To enforce the centralization of power, the emperor realized the need for a strong, well educated civil service, one that employed the best talents in the land. To bring this into effect the most influential system was initiated and substituted for what had gone before - jiupinzhongzheng. Although it was immature at the outset, it inter-wove closely the three essentials for state officials, those of learning, examination and administration. This system proved to be fairer and more far-reaching than any that had preceded it.

【1】 【2】

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:杜明明、叶欣)

Leave your comment0 comments

  1. Name

  

Selections for you


  1. Japanese, S Korean vehicles most recalled

  2. Childhood on Trash Carts

  3. Splendid views of Mt.Wangmang scenery spot

  4. Five "sins" of Apple (Ⅱ): Ignores copyrighters'appeal

Most Popular

Opinions

  1. Naval exercises routine, not warning to Japan
  2. Hanoi will feel pain for helping US return
  3. Cooperation keeps China-Africa ties strong
  4. China won't yield to Japan's moves over disputes
  5. Sea spat can draw mainland and Taiwan closer
  6. New regulations a chance to build clean govt
  7. Negotiations on COC in S. China Sea favor peace
  8. Hanoi will feel pain for helping US return
  9. Telecoms industry stifled by capital prohibition
  10. Socialist market economy turning point for China

What's happening in China

McDonald's, Coca-Cola's Olympic sponsorship questioned

  1. Brand of instant noodles too acidic
  2. Foreign man stabbed to death in Beijing
  3. Farmer battles govt for wood
  4. Guangzhou doctors offer free surgeries
  5. TV channel suspended for showing porn

China Features

  1. Why is TCM worth of commendation?
  2. Arabians pay heavy price for Arab Spring
  3. Master of pasted-paper sculpture
  4. China, US hold mixed attitudes toward each other
  5. China does not lack capital: CSRC Chair

PD Online Data

  1. Spring Festival
  2. Chinese ethnic odyssey
  3. Yangge in Shaanxi
  4. Gaoqiao in Northern China
  5. The drum dance in Ansai