Latest News:  
Beijing   Sunny    35 / 22 ℃  City Forecast

Home>>Life & Culture

Chinese Poetry - The Classic of Odes & Chu Ci

(People's Daily Online)

09:41, July 05, 2012

In ancient China, people had profuse feelings to express when historical events took place, both joyful or of grief. Classical literature possesses a profound culture, and is the epitome of the spirit, morals and wisdom of the Chinese people. It reflects the high level of civilization. The literary forms vary over this long period and each had its blaze of glory.

Long before the written word appeared, there was an oral tradition of tales of fairies and legends. However, it is a pity that most of these have been lost as they were not collected and duly recorded for posterity.


Classical poetry cares a great deal for rhythm. Poetry is one of the earliest artistic forms as well as the most fully developed in China. Poems written in verse outpour strong sensibility through imagination and lyrics. Tone, rhythm and couplets are all strict. Only by having an embodiment of appreciation, can one feel the artistic conception and implication. The effect is like the after taste of a cup of tea, lingering and appealing.

The Classic of Odes

The Classic of Odes is the first poem collection covering 305 poems from the early Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC - 711 BC) to the middle Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC). As the starting point of Chinese literature, it enjoys a high reputation of artistic value and had a great influence on the works that followed. The works can be divided into three parts: Feng, Ya, and Song (Ode), which derived its name from music items. Feng indicates the local tune and collected folk songs of 15 states, Ya including Daya and Xiaoya are the movements for nobles; and Song is the music used during sacraments in temple. The writing skills rely on the 'Fu' (narrative), 'Bi' (figuration (simile and metaphor)), and 'Xing' (symbolization, and contrast), and give aesthetic feelings in tone. Throughout the book you can read by means of the connotation between the lines the reality of people of different classes.

【1】 【2】


Leave your comment0 comments

  1. Name


Selections for you

  1. 5,300-year-old rare potter figure unearthed

  2. Memory in black and white: Old China

  3. Enjoy waves of Sanniang gulf in China's Guangxi

  4. "Bull fight" event performed in E China

Most Popular


  1. China steps up moves in South China Sea
  2. New rules lay foundation for migrant law
  3. Economy on thin ice with suppressed interest rates
  4. China faces long-term regional annoyances
  5. Japan’s space law shift rattles regional nerves
  6. Experts call for an end to dispute over islands
  7. Border conflict laid aside as giants draw closer
  8. Take wait-and-see approach to US sanctions
  9. Money not a panacea for small business problems
  10. 'Global effort needed to fight corruption'

What's happening in China

Three Gorges Dam at full capacity as last generator starts operation

  1. Shandong natives take most seats in reshuffle
  2. MNCs face challenges in China
  3. China's social security funds safe
  4. Chinese girls outperform boys in school
  5. Update of drug list to give doctors more choices

China Features

  1. China will retain a high economic growth
  2. Why Chinese people love luxury goods?
  3. Official puts on airs in prison
  4. Beautiful scenery of Inner Mongolia Grassland
  5. Sharpshooter with excellent skills

PD Online Data

  1. Spring Festival
  2. Chinese ethnic odyssey
  3. Yangge in Shaanxi
  4. Gaoqiao in Northern China
  5. The drum dance in Ansai