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Jin Shangjing Historical Museum

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

08:52, January 18, 2012

Jurchens created their written language based on Chinese. Once they moved south, they became increasingly Sinicized. (Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

BEIJING, Jan. 17 (Xinhuanet) -- Jin Dynasty lasted from 1115 to 1234, and its first four emperors were based in what is now suburban Harbin. Jin was ruled by a clan of the Jurchens, ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later when they conquered all of China. Jin abducted two of Song Dynasty's emperors and pushed as far south as River Huai, essentially turning Song into Southern Song. After the reigns of ten emperors, it was ultimately defeated by the Mongols.

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