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Libya faces challenge of restoring order after Gaddafi's death

(China Youth Daily)

16:56, October 25, 2011

Edited and translated by People's Daily Online

The death of Muammar Gaddafi marks the end of an era

Mustafa Abdul Jalil, president of Libya's National Transitional Council, announced on Oct. 23 the complete liberation of the country after about eight months of bitter fighting and called for the restoration of order.

Three major challenges emerge

Despite the end of the war, Libya has to go a long way to secure peace. Some political analysts said that the regional and tribal contradictions, which were restrained by Gaddafi's tough rule, will likely be increasingly exposed.

Mahmoud Jibril, chairman of the Executive Office of the National Transitional Council and the second highest-ranking leader of the council, said that the new leadership has a "limited chance" to put aside and reconcile a variety of contradictions. Libya's future development depends on the attitude of the state and the masses and should be advanced through the collective efforts of all sides, he said.

Currently, the three major challenges are: the contradictions among tribes and political factions, the distribution of oil resources and the fight against extremist forces. These divides, which were temporally covered by the war, are emerging in Libya. Libya will face a variety of uncertainties in the future.

Difficult to bridge Libya's east-west divide

Libya is a country that is made up of at least 150 tribes. The tribes in the west and the east have long been hostile to each other and had completely different treatment in the era of Gaddafi.

Many areas in the west, including Misratah, were liberated on their own during the war without the help of NATO. The great historical and realistic regional differences will pose a serious challenge over the efforts of the new regime to preserve national unity and stability.

Various contradictions lead to various games

In addition to the contradictions among the tribes, the political groups of Libya are many and complicated and most of them have their own armed forces. They united for the same purpose during the war to overthrow the Gaddafi administration. But now, since Gaddafi is dead, the possible conflicts of interests among them may cause severe challenges for the current Libyan administration.

Libya is a country with abundant, high-quality oil resources and petrodollars are its main economic source. The question of how oil incomes will be distributed is connected with the interests of various parties. It will also not be easy for all the tribes to reach an agreement. In addition, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which helped the Libyan rebels during the war, will certainly want to take a good share of it.

Chaotic battles may occur within army

The German-based Der Spiegel magazine recently reported that about 10,000 surface-to-air missiles and countless light arms stored in the arsenal were lost during the Libyan war.

Experts said that the lost funds and arms could be used to equip several armies and even if only a small proportion of them fall into the hands of extreme terrorists, the result will be unimaginable.


Leave your comment1 comments

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wende at 2011-10-2571.125.85.*
when things do not come out the way the west wants, they will not recognize the new leaders the same way they treated Hamas when Hamas won the election. They are mainly using the military to achieve their goals now. No more talks, just guns.

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