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Military force, sanctions cannot solve Syrian crisis

By Huang Peizhao (People's Daily Overseas Edition)

15:57, October 13, 2011

Edited and Translated by People's Daily Online

The European Union Conference of Foreign Ministers was held in Luxemburg on Oct. 10. The conference made a statement harshly condemning the Syrian government for bloodily suppressing civilians and requiring the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down to complete the political transition in Syria.

In fact, Western countries are strengthening their sanctions against Syria and will use military force if necessary in order to force Syria to do things according to democracy, freedom and human rights standards set by the west. The Resolution on the Syrian Issue drafted recently by France, the United Kingdom, Germany and Portugal was proof. Because of the vetoes from China and Russia, the United Nations Security Council did not approve the resolution.

Arab media said that the resolution on the Syrian issue drafted by Western countries covers content that flagrantly interferes in the internal affairs of a sovereign country and tries to put the national situation of Syria on the same road of development as Libya. China and Russia's decision to exercise their veto power is to safeguard the tenet of the Charter of the United Nations and the principle of non-intervention of internal affairs and maintenance of the peace and stability of Syria and the entire West Asia region.

It reflects that China is a country with principles, responsibilities and a sense of justice. Media of the West Asia believe that if the resolution had been approved, it means that the door has been opened for possible military interference from Western countries. The flames of war will appear in West Asia once again, and West Asia will fall into a more uncertain situation. Therefore, it could be said that the vetoes from China and Russia have stopped Syria from walking on the old road of Libya.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev recently stressed that Russia will not allow Western countries to turn the United Nations into a tool for toppling political regimes of other countries and the United Nations was not founded for this purpose. Furthermore, Russia is opposed to the proposal to file an ultimatum to Syria. This has also echoed the desires of China and countries including India, South Africa, Brazil and Lebanon, which were absent from the vote, to preserve the foundation and tenet of the Charter of the United Nations. According to latest news, the Russian foreign minister has disclosed that Russia is working with China to formulate a new resolution on Syria that is "more fair and balanced."

It is worrying that Syria has become a "new target" when the war in Libya is coming to an end. According to the reports by media agencies in West Asia, Western countries will possibly bypass the U.N. Security Council to adopt the "pattern of Kosovo" to handle the crisis in Syria. Some Arab scholars said that Syria is considered a major player in West Asia and is of significance to almost every country in the region. Any change in Syria will affect the overall situation in the region, showing its geopolitical importance and sensitiveness to the region. It is estimated that any military attack against Syria will pose a broad and deep impact on the region and even lead to disastrous consequences.

It has been proven again and again that violence is no solution, and only makes things worse. In order to fix the deteriorating situation in Syria, all parties involved should try prudent self-restraint, immediately stop all acts of violence, push the Syrian government to honor its reform promises and promote the formation of a Syria-led inclusive political process. At the same time, effective measures should be taken to protect the rights of the Syrian people so as to complexly resolve the crisis.

When trying to help resolve the Syria crisis, the international community should adhere to the aims and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, especially the principle of non-interference in other countries' internal affairs. Major powers should make constructive efforts to ease the explosive situation in Syria, to promote the use of political dialogue in settling differences and disputes and to maintain peace and stability in the Middle East, instead of adding fuel to the fire by threatening to use force.

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