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New platform gives iron ore traders muscle

By Du Juan  (China Daily)

13:43, May 09, 2012

An iron ore trading platform made its China debut on Tuesday as the world's biggest buyer of the commodity sought to enhance its price-setting influence.

Trading volume is expected to reach approximately 100 million tons by the end of this year. This will account for about 14 percent of China's annual iron ore imports, said Xu Xu, chairman of the China Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals & Chemicals Importers & Exporters, one of the organizers of the platform.

Just a few minutes after its official launch, the platform saw its first transaction with 165,000 tons sold for $145 a ton, including freight. This was in line with market expectations, analysts said.

The platform will not only help ensure supplies for China but will also benefit global ore trading, Su Bo, vice-minister of industry and information technology, said.

"The platform will help stabilize prices," Su said.

Nearly all ore sold to China is based on spot prices, with the industry evolving over the past two years after four decades of pre-set annual contracts.

China, with a leading role in the market, has long argued that it should have a greater say in pricing.

The platform helps it wrest some control from top miners such as Vale, Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton.

Zhang Lin, senior researcher of Lange Steel Information Research Center, forecast that the platform will come into its own when it can attract about half of China's imports.

Top international mining conglomerates, along with major Chinese steel producers including Baosteel, Hebei Steel and Wuhan Steel, have all signed up as members of the electronic platform operated by China Beijing International Mining Exchange.

As the world's biggest ore importer, China accounts for about 60 percent of the global market.

The platform has been undergoing test runs since the beginning of the year.

"On the face of it, it is a recipe for success," said Rory MacDonald, broker at Freight Investor Services. "But the system must stand up and the system must be seen to perform."

The exchange said the platform will offer contracts settled in US dollars and yuan. Cargoes that can be traded include those sitting at bonded warehouses, being transported at sea or stacked in domestic ports as well as futures, ore that has yet to be mined.


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