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Backgrounder: Key events in Egypt since fall of President Mubarak


09:19, November 23, 2011

CAIRO, Nov. 22 (Xinhua) -- Egypt's ruling military council agreed Tuesday to transfer power to a civilian government before July 1 next year. Here is a chronology of major events in Egypt since the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) took over the power after the country's longtime ruler, President Hosni Mubarak, was ousted in popular protests in February:

Feb. 11: After daily mass protests and deaths in clashes with security forces and regime loyalists, Mubarak steps down and leaves Cairo for his residence in Sharm el-Sheikh on the Red Sea.

Feb. 13: The army suspends the constitution and says it will rule Egypt for six months, at which point elections will take place.

March 11: Four top members of the Mubarak regime jailed on charges of ordering security forces to shoot protesters during the revolution, which left over 384 people dead and 6,000 injured.

March 19: A new constitution was approved in a referendum, with more than 70 percent of voters voting "yes".

March 30: The military council announces a parliamentary election for September, to be followed by a presidential ballot one or two months later.

April 9: Major new rally in Cairo, with demonstrators contesting the military regime and calling for Mubarak to be put on trial. At least one person dies as the rally is dispersed.

April 13: Authorities say Mubarak and his two sons have been detained for 15 days as part of an inquiry into the January- February events. The former president is reported to have suffered heart problems during questioning.

April 16: The Higher Administrative Court dissolves Mubarak's National Democratic Party and orders the seizure of its assets.

May 7: Fifteen die and 200 injured as Muslims and Christians clash in Cairo.

May 17: Suzanne Mubarak, the wife of the ex-president, freed after remitting her assets to the state.

June 1: Mubarak and his two sons, Alaa and Gamal, are to face trial on August 3 on charges of ordering the killing of protesters and fraud. According to his lawyer, Mubarak is suffering from stomach cancer.

June 6: The Muslim Brotherhood's new political party is declared legal.

June 28-29: A total of 1,036 protesters were injured in clashes between the Egyptian security forces and young protesters in Cairo 's Tahrir Square. They protested against the military rule and the slow pace of trials of former regime officials.

July 6: Hundreds demonstrate in Suez after a court confirms the bail of police accused of murdering protesters.

July 7: The public prosecutor refers 25 people to trial for murder during one of the most bloody days of the uprising.

July 8: Tens of thousands of Egyptians flocked to the streets of Cairo and other major cities, demanding public and fair trials of former officials as well as more reforms.

July 23: Nearly 300 were injured when protesters attempted to march towards the headquarters of the SCAF in the Abbasiya district in Cairo but were stopped by supporters of the army and military police.

Sept. 9: Three died and 1,049 others were injured during protests at the Israeli embassy in Cairo. Egyptian protesters stormed the embassy building and forced the evacuation of Israeli ambassador and major staff.

Sept. 27: The military regime set the first phase of the parliamentary polls for Nov. 28.

Oct. 9: Security forces clashed with protesters, mostly Copts, in front of the Egyptian TV building in Cairo, leaving at least 24 dead and hundreds injured.

Nov 18: Thousands of people started to protest in central Cairo and other cities, calling for an end to the military rule.

Nov. 21: The caretaker cabinet headed by Essam Sharaf tenders resignation.

Nov. 22: The cabinet's resignation accepted by the SCAF. At least 28 people died and nearly 2,000 others were injured in days of clashes between protestors and riot police. SCAF chief Hussein Tantawi says the presidential election will be hold in mid-2012 and the council will transfer power before July 1 of that year.

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