Population growth in Beijing outpaces national average

16:47, May 06, 2011      

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Beijing's population hit 19.6 million in 2010, of whom more than 7 million, or 36 percent, were migrants from other parts of China, according to figures from the sixth national census conducted last year.

The number of permanent residents in Beijing reached 19.6 million last year, an increase of more than 6 million people from 10 years ago. The city's annual average population growth of about 600,000 people, or nearly 4 percent, is much higher than the national average.

The number of migrants who moved from other parts of China to Beijing reached more than 7 million in 2010, an increase of nearly 4.5 million from 2000 when the fifth national census was conducted. The number grew 448,000, or nearly 11 percent, per year over the past 10 years. The share of migrants in the city's total population rose from nearly 19 percent in 2000 to nearly 36 percent in 2010, indicating that one out of every three Beijing residents is a migrant from outside the city.

Obviously, migrants are the main contributor to the rapid growth of Beijing's population over the past 10 years, said Gu Yanzhou, deputy head of the city's population census office.

Gu said that there is no scientific quantitative criterion for measuring the maximum population that Beijing can support. The city's economy is growing fast and so is its population. Beijing had planned to keep its population below 18 million people, but city planners did not think its economy could develop so fast over the past 10 years.

Gu said that Beijing's family planning, public security and population movement management authorities are mulling over new population policies, and right now there is no timetable for the introduction of the new policies.

By People's Daily Online

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