China's population to hit 1.5 billion by 2033

14:05, September 30, 2010      

Email | Print | Subscribe | Comments | Forum 

The population of China will reach 1.5 billion by 2033, said Zhao Baige, a deputy director of China's Population and Family Planning Committee.

Besides the increase in the population, Zhao listed five demographic challenges facing China at the International Population and Development Forum.

First, the index of China's population will reach three peaks successively in the first half of this century: the labor force will reach 1 billion by 2016, total population will hit 1.5 billion by 2033, and the population aged 60 years or more will reach about 400 million by 2040.

Second, health and educational levels are still low. The crude illiteracy rate, defined as the proportion of illiterate population at and over the age of 15 in the total population, is far higher than the level of developed countries, which is 2 percent or less. The average length of education is below nine years. Each year, 800,000 to 1 million disabled babies are born.

Third, contradictions in the makeup of the population are emerging. The male-to-female ratio reached 119.45 in 2009. The population is aging at a faster rate than before. The percentage of the elderly who are older than 60 or 65 years is 12.5 percent and 8.4 percent, respectively, and that number is expected to increase to 17.1 percent and 12.0 percent by 2020. In rural area, the aging population account for a higher proportion because the young are flowing out and heading to the cities.

Fourth, the migrant population has reached 200 million, and 300 million will become urban population in the next 20 years.

Fifth, reproductive health services are still insufficient, especially for the unmarried, youth and migrant population.

By Liu Hui People's Daily Online

(Editor:叶欣)

  • Do you have anything to say?

双语词典
dictionary

  
Special Coverage
  • Premier Wen Jiabao visits Hungary, Britain, Germany
  • From drought to floods
Major headlines
Editor's Pick
  • Chinese Navy soldiers hold an evening party marking the upcoming 62nd National Day aboard Chinese Navy hospital ship "Peace Ark" in the Pacific on Sept. 28, 2011. The Chinese National Day falls on Oct. 1. (Xinhua/Zha Chunming)
  • Photo taken on Sept. 30, 2011 shows the crowd at the plaza of Beijing Railway Station in Beijing, capital of China. The railway transportation witnessed a travel peak with the approach of the seven-day National Day holidays on Friday. (Xinhua)
  • A man wearing high-heel shoes takes part in the 3rd annual Walk a Mile in Her Shoes, an event when men literally walk in women's shoes to raise awareness about ending violence against women, at Yonge-Dundas Square in Toronto, Canada, Sept. 29, 2011. (Xinhua/Zou Zheng)
  • Photo taken on Sept. 29, 2011 shows a cargo ship in danger on the sea near Zhuhai City, south China's Guangdong Province. Cargo ship Fangzhou 6 of Qingzhou of southwest China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region lost control after water stormed into its cabin due to Typhoon Nesat on the sea near Zhuhai Thursday, leaving 12 crew members in danger. Rescuers rushed to the ship and saved them by using a helicopter. (Xinhua)
  • Actress Gong Li poses for L'Officiel Magazine. (Xinhua Photo)
  • Demonstrators from the Occupy Wall Street campaign hold placards as they march in the financial district of New York September 29, 2011. After hundreds of protesters were denied access to some areas outside the New York Stock Exchange on September 17, demonstrators set up a rag-tag camp three blocks away. Zuccotti Park is a campground festooned with placards and anti-Wall Street slogans. The group is adding complaints of excessive police force against protesters and police treatment of ethnic minorities and Muslims to its grievances list, which includes bank bailouts, foreclosures and high unemployment. (Xinhua/Reuters Photo)
Hot Forum Discussion