10 focal questions facing Shanghai World Expo

14:37, May 14, 2010      

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First: Why hold the Expo?

The World Expo has always been dedicated to fostering innovation. Over the past 150 years, World Expo hosts have taken the precious opportunity to showcase their innovations in order to better and extend their influence. Moreover, the hosts have also promoted their technological development through the exchange of innovational ideas among different countries.

Second: What is the implication of the Expo theme, "Better City, Better Life?"

The Shanghai World Expo has selected the right theme at the right time. If ancient Middle Eastern cities are taken into account, mankind started living in cities nearly 10,000 years ago. It would be nearly 6,000 years ago in China if we regard the Lingjiatan ruins in Anhui province as China's earliest city. However, people now feel much more sensitive and anxious about the present situation and future development of cities than ever before. In fact, the theme of "Better City, Better Life" has raised a question—how can cities make life better? China is now in a golden period of development and urbanization continues to accelerate. Therefore, more and more Chinese have bravely walked into strange cities, starting the desirable but complex and possibly hard city life. China should find answers from human civilization, learn from the valuable experience of other cities, and then contemplate its own urban development from a wider and longer perspective in order to avoid more risks, make fewer mistakes, and improve the quality of city life. Most importantly, the Chinese government has always given top priority to ensuring that its people live in better cities and enjoy better lives.

Third: What innovations does the Shanghai World Expo have compared with previous Expos?

Focusing on the infrastructure of the Expo Park, the optimization of space images, the utilization of new materials and design strategies for major node areas, the Shanghai World Expo has consistently conducted research on architectural designs, future external and internal environmental designs as well as the development and utilization of basic frameworks, and new types of environmentally-friendly building materials. It has put forward new design concepts such as 3-D control and management, comprehensive utilization of underground space, the utilization of new types of environmentally-friendly building materials and the interaction between pavilion designs and local culture, which will provide scientific reference information for urban building designs, construction and management in the future. Hydrogen energy, the cleanest future energy, will fully be applied and demonstrated during the Shanghai Expo and solar energy is the most important renewable energy to be displayed and applied at the Expo. Semiconductor lighting has widely been used within the Expo Park, buildings and pavilions as a new energy-saving technology. To ensure environmental quality of the Expo Park and showcase the harmony between urban and ecological environments, the designs of the Shanghai World Expo have accomplished key technological and research results in terms of safe drinking water systems, recycling of water resources, urban forestation and landscaping, water environment management and the development of water ecology by sufficiently taking into account the system requirements for the technologies used to develop the ecological environment of the Expo and by considering the development of Shanghai's urban and natural environment and ecology. The popularization and application of the innovation results will lay a foundation for the expansion of Shanghai's new type of service industry.
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