Sexual discrimination still exists in China's job market

17:00, March 04, 2010      

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As Women's Day approaches, a survey focusing on female graduates was completed March 3.

According to the survey, 21 percent of female students who will graduate this year found jobs by the end of February, much lower than the 29.5 percent of male students, indicating that female students obviously lag behind male students in terms of employment rate.

The survey was conducted by Mycos, an independent institution specializing in research of the employment of China's college graduates.

Targeting students from the class of 2010, the survey involved 64,589 questionnaires, of which, 35,071 were filled out by university students and 29,518 by students from senior vocational schools and junior colleges.

The survey shows that 13 percent of female students who have found jobs signed their labor contracts with state-owned enterprises, much lower than the proportion of male students. Private enterprises have now become the main destinations for female students graduating this year, with over 50 percent of female students who have found jobs signed their labor contracts with private enterprises, 9 percentage points higher than the 43 percent of male students.

Although there is a big gap between the employment rates of female and male students, relevant surveys conducted by Mycos in previous years indicated that female students did not actually lag behind male students in terms of employment rate. The gap narrowed at the time of their graduation and basically disappeared half a year after their graduation.

For example, the initial employment rate for female students graduating from universities was 53 percent in 2008 while the rate for female students graduating from senior vocational schools and junior colleges stood at 46 percent. During the same period, the rates for male students were 61 percent and 49 percent respectively. However, the rates for female students respectively rose to 88 percent and 85 percent half a year later, and the rates for male students stood at 88 and 84 percent respectively.

Luo Huiwen, a data analyst from Mycos stated that the reduction in the size of the gap between final employment rates does not mean employment equity between female and male students. In fact, some female students only found jobs by lowering their expectations and accepting low-income jobs that have nothing to do with their majors. Sexual discrimination still exists in the job market.

By People's Daily Online
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