Text Version
RSS Feeds
Newsletter
Home Forum Photos Features Newsletter Archive Employment
About US Help Site Map
SEARCH   About US FAQ Site Map Site News
  SERVICES
  -Text Version
  -RSS Feeds
  -Newsletter
  -News Archive
  -Give us feedback
  -Voices of Readers
  -Online community
  -China Biz info
  What's new
 -
German scientist wins Nobel Prize in chemistry
+ -
08:56, October 11, 2007

 Related News
 French, German scientists share Nobel physics prize
 List of recent winners of the Nobel prize for physics
 Genetic pioneers awarded Nobel prize
 American, British scientists win 2007 Nobel Medicine Prize
 Comment  Tell A Friend
 Print Format  Save Article
German scientist Gerhard Ertl won the 2007 Nobel Prize in chemistry Wednesday for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces.

"This science is important for the chemical industry and can help us to understand such varied processes as why iron rusts, how fuel cells function and how the catalysts in our cars work," the Royal Swedish Academy of Science said in a statement.

Ertl is a professor emeritus at Berlin's Fritz Haber Institute, which is part of the Max Planck Society.

The Nobel committee lauded him as a forerunner in surface chemistry, a branch that evolved in the 1960s, and one of the first to understand the potential of modern technology for exploring the new field.

The academy said Ertl provided a detailed description of how chemical reactions take place on surfaces and studied some of the most fundamental mysteries in that field.

Ertl showed how to obtain reliable results in this difficult area of research, and his findings applied in both academic studies and industrial development, the academy said in its citation.

"Surface chemistry can even explain the destruction of the ozone layer as vital steps in the reaction actually take place on the surfaces of small crystals of ice in the stratosphere," the award citation said.

This was the third of the prestigious Nobel Prizes handed out this year, with awards in physics and medicine made in the past two days.

French scientist Albert Fert and Peter Grunberg of Germany won the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics for the discovery of giant magnetoresistance, while Briton Martin J. Evans and Americans Mario R. Capecchi and Oliver Smithies shared the Medicine Prize for their groundbreaking discoveries concerning embryonic stem cells and DNA recombination in mammals.

The winners of the Literature Prize will be announced Thursday, to be followed by those for Peace Friday and Economics next Monday.

The Nobel Prizes have been awarded annually since 1901 to those who " conferred the greatest benefit on mankind during the preceding year."

The annual Nobel Prizes are usually announced in October and are handed out on Dec. 10, the anniversary of the 1896 death of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite.

Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma and a cash award of 10 million Swedish kronor (1.53 million U.S. dollars).

Source: Xinhua



  Your Message:   Most Commented:

|About Peopledaily.com.cn | Advertise on site | Contact us | Site map | Job offer|
Copyright by People's Daily Online, All Rights Reserved

http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90781/90879/6280713.pdf