US should not monopolize cyber affairs

17:01, May 26, 2011      

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The U.S. White House recently released the "International Strategy for Cyberspace" signed by President Barack Obama, which has expounded how the United Stated will build prosperity, enhance security and safeguard openness in the increasingly networked world. According to the report, the United States intends to draw up an "ideal blueprint" for the future development and security of the global Internet, showing American values.

This is the first international strategy and policy report on the global Internet released by the U.S. government. It is not only different from strategic plans on information and network security released by the Clinton and Bush administrations, but also surpassed the "Cyberspace Policy Review" and the "National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace" released after Obama took office because the scope of its contents and goals have been expanded from the cyberspace of the United States to global cyberspace. Obama said in the preface of the report that it is the United States' first comprehensive international strategy for cyberspace that aims to give cyberspace an open, shared, safe and reliable future.

The strategy paper explains the U.S. strategic targets for the future development, governance, and security of cyberspace from the political, economic, security, legal and military points of view. Many top officials from the major U.S. government agencies attended the White House press conference for the release of the paper, which fully showed the country's will and determination to carry through its international strategy for cyberspace.

The Financial Times said in its report that the United States unified its international goals for Internet policy for the first time, and the White House "compared the effort to that of the United States in establishing a global framework for economic and military security after the Second World War." The United State integrated military, diplomatic, and cyber security issues in the document.

The United States has been seeking to take the lead in establishing a global framework for Internet development, governance and security. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said at the press conference that the strategy identifies seven key policy priorities that will be the focus of the U.S. diplomatic outreach, and the State Department will continue to play a leading role in carrying out related foreign policies.

It is highly possible that the United States will use diplomatic and other means to promote its global cyberspace strategy through bilateral and multilateral cooperation between and among countries, regions, and international organizations, raise issues concerning the international Internet development, governance, freedom and security and take the lead in setting rules for the global Internet development and security.

The report also indicates that the Internet will again become the focus of the international community. It can be expected that the United States will rely on its advantages in the field of information network technologies to urge developing countries to further open their information network technologies, products and services markets. The United States will seek the "unison" of various countries in the field of Internet law enforcement and judicature in order to follow up the so-called hackers and combat cyber crimes, which will also provide the United States convenience and freedom in "cross-border law enforcement."

The United States will probably link the so-called Internet freedom issue with the human rights issue, likely subsidizing and promoting the development and research on cracking techniques to open the door of the Internet information dissemination in some developing countries. Meanwhile, the so-called "cyberwar," aimed at attacking and paralyzing target countries' networks and important information systems, will also become its last military means to exert pressure on other countries.

Protecting the national interests and sovereignty in the field of information networks has become more important for various countries under the pressure of the United States. The competition for information resources and the market will become fiercer, and disputes related to the Internet control and decontrol will also become more prominent.

In fact, strengthening the global Internet governance has been the common aspiration and demand around the world. Although Americans invented the Internet, and most of the root servers are controlled by the United States, the rapid development of the Internet is the result of the joint efforts of the international community and is the common property of mankind. It is also a new space of promoting the world peace and development.

Formulating an international policy on the Internet should be an event concerning the entire world. Therefore, based on the premise of protecting national sovereignty, interests and safety in the information field, various countries should strictly follow the "Charter of the United Nations" and other internationally recognized basic norms to peacefully use the international information network space in accordance with relevant resolutions and international conventions of the United Nations and the International Telecommunication Union. This is the only way to promote the healthy development of the Internet and the Internet economy as well as safeguard world peace and prosperity.

By People's Daily Online
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