Fostering breakthrough for industries of strategic importance

16:38, October 25, 2010      

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Strategic emerging industries are knowledge-and-technology-intensive industries with low resource consumption, high growth potential and great economic efficiency that are based on major technological breakthroughs as well as developing demand and play a leading role in promoting overall long-term economic and social development, according to the "State Council's Decision to Accelerate the Development of Strategic Emerging Industries."

Four development directions determined

An official from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said that major developed countries have recently been developing new state strategies, accelerating the commercialization of scientific and technological achievements, and fostering emerging industries such as the environmentally friendly and energy-efficient, new energy, new material, biotechnology, and broadband network industries that lead the world economy, in hopes of revitalizing their own economy, gaining new advantages in the economic development, and seizing commanding heights in the new round of global technological and economic competition.

Therefore, accelerating the development of strategic emerging industries will not only effectively alleviate mounting global problems in terms of energy, resources, food, environment, climate, and health, but also determine a country's role and status in the process of economic globalization.

In view of China's situation and technological and industrial foundations, plus the development stage and characteristics of new strategic industries, developing these industries should focus on the fulfillment of the major demand from China's economic and social development. First, China should strive to develop energy-efficient, environmentally-friendly and new-energy industries in order to effectively ease the resources and environmental restrictions in the economic and social development. Second, China should strive to develop a new-generation IT industry in order to advance the development of social and economic development.

Third, China should strive to develop the bio-industry to enhance public health and promote agricultural modernization. Fourth, China should also develop high-end equipment manufacturing, new material and new-energy auto industries to enhance the core competence of the manufacturing industry and promote the upgrade and structural optimization of the industries.

To make breakthroughs in seven industries

According to the decisions, China will further focus on the rapid and healthy development of certain major industries.

In terms of the energy conservation and the environmentally-friendly industry, to cope with global climate change, follow the international trend for the green development of industries and take into account the enormous resources and environmental pressure facing China, the industry should focus on integrated application of applicable technologies and strive to develop new, highly energy-efficient, advanced, environmentally-friendly technologies and equipment as well as new types of environmentally-friendly industries, such as the energy conservation and green service industry and re-manufacturing industry.

The development of a new-energy industry is the fundamental way out for solving the energy crisis and optimizing the energy structure. In the past 10 years, China has formed internationally competitive advantages in field of the new-energy industry.

The future development of China should be based on a huge domestic market to rapidly increase the capacity of innovation and actively develop new-generation nuclear power; speed up the popularization and application of solar thermal technology to develop a multiple solar PV and solar thermal power market; improve the level of wind power technology and equipment to promote the scaled development of wind power as well as develop and utilize biomass energy in accordance with local conditions.

In regard to the new-generation information technology industry, information technology is developing in depth and has profoundly changed people's modes of production and life. The new-generation information technology industry is still the core technology of the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure.

Currently, China has formed comparative advantages with regard to the development of the emerging information industry. Judging from the demand of enhancing China's information industry, China should focus on constructing safe, comprehensive and popular infrastructure for information networks, improving the integration of the "three networks," and promoting the development, demonstration and application of the Internet of Things and cloud computing to enhance the development capacity of the core industries, such as integrated circuits, new display technology and high-end software and accelerate the expansion and development of new industries, such as the added-value services of the Internet.

From the viewpoint of the biological industry, life sciences and biological technology will be significant areas that fundamentally influence the development of people in the 21st century and will exert a revolutionary impact on changing the traditional natural-resources-consuming development pattern, establishing a renewable green industrial system and promoting human health.

China has a solid foundation and enjoys huge market development potential in the areas of life sciences and biological technology. The future development of the biological industry should focus on consolidating fundamental research, accelerating industrialization and promoting large-scale applications.

Great efforts should be made to develop new drugs for major disease prevention and treatment by using bio-technologies, accelerate the development of new biomedical engineering products, strengthen the development of the biological breeding industry that mainly researches important food crops, economic crops, livestock, poultry and aquatic products as well as promote the development of green agricultural bio-products and marine biotechnology products. It is also important to promote the replacement of traditional chemical process technology and raw fossil materials with biological manufacturing technology and products.

Regarding high-end equipment manufacturing, since it is the high-end part in equipment manufacturing, it has many outstanding features, such as intensive technologies, high added value, large development space and a clear function of promoting other industries. Therefore, it has great significance for accelerating China's industrial modernization and achieving China's goal of becoming a powerful manufacturing country. In order to be in a dominant position strategically, China must give priority to the development of advanced aviation equipment, advanced transportation equipment such as high-speed railways, oceanographic engineering equipment and high-end intelligent equipment and also accelerate the development of special infrastructure whose core is satellite applications and objective is to serve the country.

The development of new materials is fundamental for all the industries, especially the newly-emerged strategic industries of China's national economy, but for a long time, it has been the bottleneck for China to develop its manufacturing and achieve its energy-conservation and emissions-reduction goals.

In regards to the new energy automobile industry, the new energy automobile is the trend of the upgrading and transformation of the global automobile industry. In order to form a competitive automobile industrial system in the future, China must deploy research and development, and the industrialization of new energy automobiles in advance. Currently, China should give full play to the enthusiasm of all sectors of society and make major efforts on the breakthrough of core technologies in fields such as power batteries, drive motors and electronic control, and improve the popularization, application and industrialization of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and pure electric vehicles through the industry alliance serialization.

Related officials said that emerging industries are a dynamic concept based on the actual situation of the economic and social development and its focus should be properly adjusted in accordance with the development situation.

By People's daily Online

(Editor:张心意)

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