People's Daily, China's leading national newspaper, and China Radio International (CRI) have selected top news events worldwide for the past year on the eve of the new year, and the top 10 global news events for 2007 are as follows:
1. CPC's 17th National Congress draws more global attention to China
The 17th Communist Party of China (CPC) National Congress, held from Oct. 15 to 21, mapped out a grand goal for the country's future development, namely, to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
In his report the Party congress, Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, stressed that China will persevere in taking the road of peaceful development and join efforts with the people of all nations to press ahead with the development of a harmonious world with lasting peace and common prosperity.
2. Soaring crude oil price makes energy safety more crucial
New York Mercantile Exchange and investors again eyed the 100 US dollar mark as they had in November. Oil saw its peak of 99.29 dollars on Nov. 21. Two days later, crude oil for February delivery touched 97.92 dollars a barrel, rising within one dollar of its record close of 98.18 dollars on Nov. 23.
Galloping oil price will obviously bring a negative impact onto world economy. On Sept. 27-28, the United States hosted representatives of 17 world economies plus the United Nations in the first Major Economies meeting.
3. UN Bali summit seeks ways to ease global warming as it menaces humanity
The UN Climate Change Conference opened in Bali, a resort island of Indonesia on Dec. 3 with participation of representative of over 180 countries and regions. The UN adopted a Bali Roadmap on Dec. 15 after two weeks of consultations and negotiations.
The Bali roadmap, agreed on a clear agenda for key topics, is expected to launch negotiations on a crucial climate change regime up to the end of 2009.
4. Situation turns volatile in Pakistan with assassination of B. Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto, former prime minister and leader of the Pakistani People Party (PPP), was assassinated after a campaign rally in Rawalpindi adjacent to the national capital Islamabad, and her death put domestic situation to a severe test.
Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf ordered a state of emergency on the evening of Nov. 3 and, on Nov. 28, he resigned as the chief of army staff. The following day, Musharraf was sworn in as the president for a second term, this time as a civilian, and he lifted on Dec. 15 a state of emergency that temporarily suspended the Constitution.
5. China launches Chang'e-1 amid upsurge in outer space exploration
China launched Chang'e-1, its first ever lunar probe as well as the first ever lunar orbiter for a developing nation. On Nov. 26, the National Space Administration released the first picture of the moon captured by the lunar orbiter.
An upsurge emerged in the outgoing year in the sphere of outer space exploration. On August 12 Space Shuttle Endeavor was launched with teacher-Astronaut Barbara Morgan on board, who carried on her teaching mission in outer space.
Meanwhile, Russian, Germany, India, the Republic of Korea (ROK) and a few other countries also launched lunar exploration devices this year.
6. US Middle East policy starts to adjust; Palestine-Israel talks restart
US President George W. Bush embraced a major tactical shift in the war in Iraq on Jan. 10. as he declared that additional 21,500 American troops would be deployed to Iraq. Meanwhile, he asked the Iraq authority to take up more responsibilities while trying to seek support from its Middle East allies, but security situation in Iraq did not turn for the better.
A US-sponsored Middle East Conference was held in Annapolis, Maryland, and the Middle-East peace summit was followed by the restart of Palestine-Israel talks.
7. Korean Peninsula Situation eases off with breakthrough in 6-Party Talks
Six-Party talks made a major breakthrough as the third phase of the fifth round of talks ended with a joint document issued on Feb. 13 and, in early Nov. the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) started with the work to "defunction" or shutdown its Yongbyon nuclear facilities, a significant progress in settleing Korea Peninsula nuclear issue.
DPRK leader Kim Jong-Il met ROK President Roh Moo-hyun last October at the second-ever Summit between the leaders of two Koreas. Furthermore, President Bush's personal letter to Kim Joing-Il, signed on Dec. 1, raised a possibility of normalized relations between the U.S. and DPRK.
8. US intelligence report denies Iranian nuclear arms bid, but US government keeps up pressure again Iran
A US intelligence report, released on Dec. 3, concludes that Iran halted nuclear weaponry development in 2003, ad no nuclear weaponry program was restarted. The American government, nevertheless, insisted that Iran remains a threat, and international community should keep up pressure to help ensure that Iran will not develop nuclear arms.
9. US sub-prime loans affect whole globe, with repercussion being felt worldwide
The US sub-prime home-loan market has, since last August, been going pear-shaped, triggering the global credit crunch on other financial markets. At the same time, the US Federal Reserve announced three benchmark interest rate cuts respectively in September, October and December. And public opinions hold that the sub-prime loan crisis is not yet over.
10. Russia's might beefs up as a major power, its frictions with West exacerbates
Russian President Valdimir Putin inked on July 14 the Federal Act on Suspending the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe by the Russian Federation and this act validated on Dec. 12 in a bid to cope with the anti-missile plan of the United States. In January of 2007, the U.S. proposed to Poland and the Czech Republic to resume talks to deploy US missiles on bases in the two east European nations.
In another related development, Putin said he fully endorsed the nomination of First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as the next Russian president on Dec. 10 and, a full week later, on Dec. 17, he made clear that he was ready to serve as Premier if Medvedev is elected President in the upcoming federal election campaign.
By People's Daily Online