The United Nations Security Council adopted on July 31 the resolution 1769 authorizing a 26,000-strong joint African Union—United Nations peacekeeping force in Darfur, Sudan, of which the majority of staff will come from African countries. The Sudanese government expressed on August 1 acceptance of the resolution and willingness to cooperate with the UN and AU in its implementation. These latest developments showed that the resolution might become a new starting point for strengthening cooperation between the international community and the Sudanese government towards an overall solution to the Darfur issue.
Related sides once remained sharply divided on whether and how to deploy an AU-UN joint peacekeeping force after Darfur became an international hot issue. The Sudanese government, worrying that western countries might seek their own interests via dispatching a joint peacekeeping force, had been hesitating. Some western nations in turn accused the government as lacking sincerity and declared economic sanctions on Sudan. Then, urged by the international community, the Sudanese government adjusted stance timely in a friendly cooperative gesture, and announced on June 12 unconditional acceptance of a joint peacekeeping force. Therefore people have reason to believe that the adoption and implementation of the resolution will help related sides in Darfur stop hostile acts and finally realize a permanent cease-fire.
The international community has scored one constructive result after another in recent years in helping solve the Darfur issue. Meanwhile, the Sudanese government also displayed political willingness, with President Omer al-Bashir announcing during a Darfur inspection tour that 2007 would be a year of peace for the region.
Backward economy, scarce means of livelihood and poor living standards underlie the escalated Darfur conflict. For Darfur, the fundamental solution lies in development, of which peace and stability serve as a precondition. Therefore, Darfur needs a "double-track" strategy of paying equal attention to operations aiming at peace and stability and a political course aiming at national reconciliation. The UN resolution 1769 paved way for joint peace-keeping troops, but the international community cannot sit back and relax, but has to continue to urge related parties to return to negotiation tables as so to truly reach and implement peace agreements. In such a way the world can help the Sudanese people spell out plans for Darfur development, shake off conflict and embark on a road of reconstruction.
The "double-track" strategy represents reason, objectiveness and fairness, and China has been playing an active, constructive role in pushing forward the strategy. China not only endeavored to persuade the Sudanese government to accept the peacekeeping force, but provide within its power aid to Darfur people. Besides, China will soon send a multi-functioned engineer team to Darfur, which will be the first UN peacekeeping force to the region.
Darfur needs a "double-track" strategy. Its theme is peace, development and cooperation. Sincere cooperation in the international community is beneficial for the peace and development of Darfur people, that's where lies the positive significance of resolution 1769.
By People's Daily Online