The Chinese Communist Party's 17th National Congress has not only mapped out a blueprint for the nation's development but charted the course for the country's diplomatic service in the new era. In the past few months, the global setup has continued to change and evolve amid great transformation and adjustments, and so the world is not so peaceful and tranquil.
To date, the United States is in the midst of a presidential election campaign, and several candidates have come forward with their views to reshape US foreign policies. In Russia, however, prospects for its smooth development deserve much expectation as Dmitry Medvedev has been elected as the new president.
Meanwhile, the Korea Peninsula nuclear issue, and such issues as Iran's nuclear program, the stagnant Middle East peace process and the Darfur region of Sudan have struck a chord of the international community. And the assassination of Pakistan People's Party leader Benazir Bhutto, the civil war or tumoil in Chad, Kosovo's declaration of independence and other unexpected incidents have stunned and stirred up the whole globe.
At the turn of year, China has again become the focus of global attention. Its endeavors for the concepts and plans on science and technology advances, its peaceful development, preparations for Beijing summer Olympic Games, and wicked snowstorms early in the year that paralyzed part of central and southern China, as well as the diplomacy or work on its external relations have been brought under heated discussion around the globe.
Spurring dialogue and cooperation to press ahead with ties with major powers
France's President Nicolas Sarkozy made a successful visit to China in November last year, during which he reached important consensus with President Hu Jintao on the promotion of Sino-French overall strategic partnership to a higher level. He said explicitly that France is opposed to Taiwan independence, and is also in opposition to Taiwan Referendum on Joining the United Nations under the name of Taiwan.
Japanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda made a trip of "ringing in the spring" at the end of 2007, following the "ice-melting" journey to Japan by his Chinese counterpart Wen Jiabao in April 2007. Both sides have agreed to advance the stable and long-term development of bilateral ties.
During Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's tour of China, the two countries inked a seven-page document, "A shared vision for the 21st Century of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of India," unleashing a positive signal of both nations' mutual support for common development and the joint construction of a harmonious world.
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown also made an ideal trip to China, and Britain have raised new proposals for enhancing cooperation in finance, economy and trade, environment protection, education and other cultural activities in human society.
On the very day Dmitry Medvedev was elected as the new Russian president, Chinese President Hu Jintao extended him congratulations in a telephone conversation, and President-elect Medvedev stressed that it was Russia's sole option to develop its strategic partnership of cooperation with China.
Recently, Germany said that it will abide by the "one-China" policy, and its government noted it will not support or encourage any attempt seeking Tibet's independence, and also opposes to Taiwan Referendum for the UN bid.
In her recent visit to China, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice acknowledged that the United States and China enjoyed a sound foundation for the development of bilateral ties. Rice concurred that the "fruitful bilateral relationship and cooperation could help better resolve the complicated and difficult issues in the bilateral relations. She also reiterated the U.S. will abide by the "one-China" policy and opposed to Taiwan referendum for the UN bid.
Moreover, China has held strategic dialogues respectively with the U.S., Japan, Australia and India, so as to help them increasing their understanding of its adherence to the peaceful road for development and beef up the mutual trust with these countries.
Bringing constructive role into play and spur global, regional peace and stability
Although peace and development remain the themes of the present world, there have been a string of "hot-spot" issues on earth. On the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, China will continue to do active persuasion for the promotion of the relevant negotiations and urge the parties concerned to keep their commitment on the issue and, on Iran's nuclear program, China has beefed up consultations with the parties involved to intensify diplomatic efforts and strive for the peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear program.
Furthermore, Ambassador Liu Guijin, the special envoy of the Chinese government on the Darfur issue, has been to Sudan for a couple of times for maneuvering with various parties. China's role on the peaceful resolution of the issue, has drawn appreciations from the relevant countries and the factions in the Darfur region.
There have been turmoils and upheavals in the situation in Myanmar recently. As its friendly neighbor, China has kept to the policy of non-interference in its internal affairs, while playing a constructive role for the country's stability, democracy and development. Meanwhile, China, in active communication with relevant parties, supports the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in his maneuvering in this regard.
China has become active on the world stage with a much louder and greater voice. As an active force in maintaining the global peace and promoting the common development, it has given scope to its growing vital, constructive role.
"Facts stronger than rhetoric" and evidences safeguards China's dignity, interests
Since the beginning of 2008, China has worked harder still to promote its new-type strategic partnership with Africa, and implement or carry forward the achievements attained in the China-African Summit and the Third Ministerial Meeting of the Forum on the China-African Cooperation (FOCAC) held in Beijing in Nov. 2006. African leaders have spoken highly of China's support to the economic growth of their countries, which has eloquently refuted the "so-called neocolonialism that China had practiced in Africa."
Moreover, with the recent outbreak of civil war in Chad, Chadian opposition troops launched major military offensives that reached the capital N'Djamen, and government forces countered with tanks and gun fires. The Chinese embassy in the Chadian capital was menaced, with its gate slit open by machine gun fire and court walls strewn with bullet holes. At this critical moment, Chinese embassy officals first thought of the safety of Chinese engineers and experts working in Chad, nationals of Chinese origin and personnel working with Chinese funded enterprises in the country, and promptly arranged their evacuation. Thanks to joint efforts made by the Chinese embassy in Chad and the motherland, 411 Chinese citizens have withdrawn safely, including two compatriots from Taiwan.
The independent foreign policy of peace conforms to the requirements for China's (peaceful) development, and it complies with the currents for the world development. At present, China's diplomacy has been striding ahead with new, steady steps along the course charted by the 17th CPC National Congress amid storm trials of the contemporary era.
By People's Daily Online and its author is senior PD reporter Liu Chao