"China's tremendous energy and vitality in the modernization process is most impressive," said former U.S. National Security Adviser Brzezinski in an exclusive interview with a People's Daily reporter in Beijing.
China's development has made contributions to world
Brzezinski came to visit China at the invitation of the International Strategic Studies of China for Academic Exchanges. This is his eighth visit to China. Before the United States and China established formal diplomatic relations in 1978, Brzezinski, the National Security Adviser to United States President Jimmy Carter at that time, paid a visit to China; and made contributions to China-US relations. He brought with him a gift: a piece of moon rock weighing about 1 gram.
He obviously remembered this gift. Before the reporter was able to finish the next question, he said with a smile: "Yes, I know China is now also in the process of a lunar exploration program." In response to the recent launch of China's Chang'e-1 lunar exploration satellite he said: "Congratulations are in order! The lunar exploration program has demonstrated China's scientific and technological strength. China is now is among the top ranks."
This time around, Brzezinski visited Beijing and Chongqing. He was deeply moved by the tremendous changes he has seen throughout his 8 visits to China.
In his opinion, such changes are conducive to world peace. He said that a peaceful world will look favorably upon China's development, and China's development will contribute much to world peace.
Global political system has become more flexible
Brzezinski said: "We are now living in a more flexible and manageable system. In the previous century, changes in global forces led to dependency, conflicts and even wars. That is now history."
In his speech that day, Brzezinski also pointed out the new features of the global political structure. He noted that these new features include: 1. global political awakening; 2. a generation of more than 100 million young, political enthusiasts; 3. a gradual shift to the east in global force distribution: from Europe to Asia and from the Pacific to the Atlantic; 4. "Global Balkans factors:" rising instability in the region; 5. in the future, the role of a number of political entities remains uncertain.
Brzezinski particularly emphasized the "Global Balkans factors." He said that in the past 300 years or more, Europe has played a decisive role in global political stability. Now "the Balkans region" shoulders this task. At a time of extreme global dependence, if the United States is too involved in these regional conflicts, then other parts of the world will crumble. "Once unrest occurs, there will be no winner – only a lot of losers." Brzezinski added that the world must work together to keep these destabilizing factors in check. Some new major forces should join in.
China and US should build a constructive bilateral relationship
Brzezinski spoke highly of China's role in resolving the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula. He said that China has played a constructive role, and even a key role, in some issues. He said that the United States and China can truly cooperate in today's global political arena given their strong dependence on foreign countries. The two face common risks that require both sides to maintain regular, close and comprehensive consultation.
"I would call attention to ‘comprehensive cooperation,' in particular, because the two countries should look at the situation as a whole and pay close attention to the issues including, but not limited to, bilateral relations. Risks that might disrupt the world's situation are worth noticing," said Brzezinski. "China and the United States are progressing towards a broader range of discussion topics. I welcome this initiative."
Brzezinski added that in the foreseeable 10-20 years, the rapid fall of the United States is unlikely. China's rapid development will continue; although it will still conflict with the United States. "We must remember this: under circumstances of disputes and tensions, it is always much easier to create a crisis than to defuse a crisis." Therefore, he pointed out that China and the United States should build a constructive bilateral relationship that corresponds with their national interests, as well as global interests.