Chinese President Hu Jintao has just completed a major diplomatic move in Central Asia, which is quite fruitful with a far-reaching impact on the region. On this successful trip of Hu's to the Eurasian region, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi had an interview on the way back home with Chinese reporters who had accompanied Hu during his tour. The detailed account of the interview is as follows:
From August 14 to August 18, President Hu paid state visit to Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, participated in a Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Beshkek and observed an anti-terror drill in Russia. It was a major diplomatic maneuvering to the Eurasian region this year, during which Hu performed some 40 diplomatic activities in less than 99 hours.
First, deepening good neighborliness and promoting bilateral ties
Sino-Kyrgyz relations have been developing smoothly since the two countries forged their diplomatic ties 15 years ago. During his first-ever visit to Kyrgyzstan, Hu and his Kyrgyz counterpart Kurmanbek Bakiyev reviewed and summed up bilateral ties and jointly mapped out the direction for their future development.
Both sides agreed to step up their cooperation in economy, trade, communications, energy and humanities, in battles against the "three evil forces" of terrorism, separatism and extremism, as well as within the framework of SCO.
During his visit to Kazakhstan, Hu met with his Kazakh counterpart Nursultan Nazarbeyev. It is another vital meeting between the two leaders after Nazarbayev's visit to Beijing in late 2006. Both heads of state reached important consensus on the deepening of overall exchanges and cooperation in the fields of politics, security, economy, trade, energy and humanities.
Both sides agreed to push ahead cooperation in carrying out Phase II crude oil pipelines and the China-Kazakstan Korgas International Border Cooperation Center, expand cooperation in the non-resources sphere and coordination on regional and international issues.
Hu's visit injected new impetus into China's pragmatic cooperation with the two countries in various fields, strengthen the traditional friendship between China and the two Central Asian nations, China's important neighbors to the northwest, and helped Sino-Kyrgyz good-neighborliness and the Sino-Kazak strategic partnership to develop in a rapid and sustainable way.
Second, beefing up pragmatic cooperation and spurring common development
In a speech delivered at the SCO summit, President Hu proposed that China should go on contributing to promotion of the organization's sustainable and sound development. The Chinese side will provide loan support for priority multilateral and bilateral SCO projects in transport, telecommunications and energy spheres; it has decided to set up a scholarship program for students of SCO member countries studying in China. All this has indicated China's sincerity and resolve in promoting the SCO development, and his remarks won unanimous welcome and endorsement from all the SCO member states.
The leaders of the SCO member states signed a treaty on long-term, good-neighborhood, friendship and cooperation, thus further reinforcing the political mutual trust and good-neighborliness among the SCO members and laid the political and legal foundation for the region's long-term peace and common development. They also signed the Bishkek Declaration and issued a joint communiqué.
With regard to the sphere of security cooperation, the heads of state from the SCO member states observed the first-ever joint anti-terrorism drill, which not only bolstered the troops' morale but enhanced the member states' coordinating capability in jointly cracking down the "three evil forces" of terrorism, separatism and extremism and showed their resolve and willpower to safeguard regional security and stability.
Third, mapping out Sino-Russian ties and upgrading bilateral strategic coordination
Sino-Russian Relationship for strategic cooperation has entered into a second decade this year. Alongside with the active implementation of some investment items, bilateral cooperation in energy has been proceeding and unfolding smoothly, regional cooperation as a whole has been expanding, and exchanges in humanities turning increasingly extensive.
Hu and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin held talks during the Bishkek summit and the joint military drill. Their talks proven to be fruitful as they outlined plans and detailed steps in terms of boosting bilateral ties and also made in-depth and candid discussions about strategic security cooperation as well as major international and regional issues.
Meanwhile, both heads of state affirmed the vital role in holding the year of China and of Russia respectively in each other's capital and acknowledged the good effect that has been attained with the support of the two governments and all social strata in both countries.
The two sides pledged to improve substantial cooperation in various fields and strive to begin the work of the China-Russia commercial chamber of machinery and electric products at an early date. They would also step up the negotiation process of oil pipeline construction and natural gas projects and identify the priorities in their investment and cooperation. They also agreed to lose no time in working out the mid- and long-term plans for Sino-Russian regional cooperation.
Hu and Putin agreed to further implement the Sino-Russian strategic security negotiation, to enhance cooperation in cracking down on the ‘three evil forces", and to join forces to tackle other major security issues, in a concerted effort to safeguard the strategic interests of both countries.
Hu also held an in-depth exchange of view with Putin on major global and regional issues such as the development of SCO, how to bring the United Nations into fuller, better play, and have reached a broad consensus. Their consensus will comprehensively promote the concrete, substantial bilateral cooperation in various fields, and raise the Sino-Russian strategic cooperation partnership to a still higher level.
Moreover, on the sidelines of the Bishkek summit, Hu met respectively with the presidents of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia, Iran and Afghanistan for an exchange of views on bilateral relations and issues of common concern. President Hu also diccussed with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on the Iranian nuclear issue.
By People's Daily Online