Beijing to become a globalized metropolis by 2050

15:38, April 26, 2011      

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Beijing will become a globalized metropolitan city by 2050 and approach the level of first-tier global cities, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences predicted in the “Beijing Rural and Urban Development Report 2010-2011.”

Global cities refer to cities that have direct influence on global social, economic, cultural or political affairs. Internationally, top cities that can influence the development of the entire world are generally considered global cities.

Currently, the widely recognized global cities are New York, London, and Tokyo, which all experienced the infancy, takeoff and maturity stages in their processes of becoming global cities.

Beijing is basically at the takeoff stage in the process of becoming a global city, with some indicators reaching that of global cities at the medium and late takeoff stage. The report has reached the conclusion related to Beijing after considering the comprehensive characteristics of global cities.

Beijing’s economy has entered into a high-speed development period and has started placing attention to the transformation of its economic growth mode. The trend for the formation of a high-end industry structure has emerged in Beijing. The level of Beijing’s industrial structure has come to be close to that of developed countries, and Beijing has become not only a center of China’s modern service industry but also a development and research center of both the high-end manufacturing industry and the high-tech sector.

In regards to the various industries, the service industry has occupied the leading economic position in Beijing, the new technology industry has taken its first steps, and the cultural industry has become a pillar industry, while the environmental protection industry has also taken its first steps.

In regards to social features, the income of urban and rural residents continues to increase, and the quality of people's livelihood is significantly increasing. The government has also begun solving the problem of the polarization between the rich and the poor. The report also pointed out that there are no obvious gaps between Beijing and other global cities in culture and Beijing's culture shows a situation of diversification.

Data from the report shows that currently, the final score of Beijing's global-city indicators stands at 34.9 points, 31 points lower than the global cities' average score of 66 points. There is a 30-year gap between Beijing and global cities such as New York, London and Tokyo, slightly shorter than the general anticipation.

Experts pointed out that it is entirely possible for Beijing to basically reach the current global city level by 2050.

In regards to aspects such as economy, society, culture and urban facilities, there are still obvious gaps between Beijing and the average level of global cities, especially in the economic and social indicators.

The economic gap is mainly manifested in Beijing’s not-so-high GDP, low GDP per capita, less developed intelligence-intensive industries, high-tech industry at the initial stage, and a disproportionately small number of intellectual property rights.

Experts said that Beijing witnessed the largest difference between its own score and the average score of global cities in terms of the economy.

Furthermore, there is also a noticeable gap in terms of the society, which is mainly manifested in Beijing’s severely imbalanced development in different districts and industries as well as the residents’ low willingness to participate in social management.

Beijing enjoys smaller gaps in terms of culture and city infrastructure.

Beijing is not too far behind world cities in terms of culture. Its main problems include insufficient cultural and sports facilities, low cultural creativity, a large number of repetitive works, and a disproportionately small number of high-level art and cultural products.

By People's Daily Online
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