Interview: Brazil expects "a package of decisions" in Cancun climate talks

15:38, December 04, 2010      

Email | Print | Subscribe | Comments | Forum 

The ongoing United Nations Climate Change conference in Cancun, Mexico, might witness a package of decisions on major issues of UN's convention on global warming, a Brazilian environment official says.

"It is expected that the Cancun conference will result in a package of decisions to cover ... all the major themes of the Convention: Adaptation, Mitigation, Funding, Technology and Training," Branca Americano, secretary for climate change of Brazil's Environment Ministry, told Xinhua in a written interview.

"Brazil hopes that negotiations advance in the sense of defining methodologies to verify these actions, either through national or international audits," Americano said.

Establishing common criteria to verify the actions is a key issue, and is particularly expected to advance during the talks, she said.

The environment official said that, regarding the discussion on the need to stick to Kyoto Protocol commitments, Brazil would support the extension of the agreement, rather than building a new deal.

"The country, as a signatory to the Protocol, does not advocate the construction of a new agreement," she said. "Instead, a new term should be established for commitments made by the parties that are listed in Annex I of the Convention and, as defined in the text of the Protocol, it should succeed the first term, from 2008 to 2012."

Meanwhile, Americano said that the developed countries have well-established, carbon-intensive economies and should shoulder the historical responsibility for emissions of greenhouse gases.

"We are talking about a socially fair economy based on clean technologies and with high level of energy efficiency," she said. "Similarly, it is necessary that developed countries also migrate to this new model of development and make a more serious commitment to reduce their emissions."

In contrast, Americano said, developing countries have to strengthen their economies so as to satisfy the basic needs of their people, such as health, nutrition, education, housing and basic sanitation.

She also suggested that developing countries should implement the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions -- a set of policies recognizing that different countries may take different nationally-appropriate actions to cut emissions in accordance with common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

Americano said Brazil would present in Cancun what it has done since Copenhagen, with emphasis on implementation of the Sectoral Plans that would see a reduction of between 36 and 39 percent of emissions by 2020, and a notable reduction in the deforestation rate in the Amazon Rainforest region.

Latest official figures showed that deforestation in the Amazon region totaled 6,451 square km between August 2009 and July 2010, the lowest lowest level since the beginning of records in 1988.

In the interview, the Brazilian official also praised China's "significant efforts" to make its economy cleaner and its contributions to the global fight against climate change.

Source: Xinhua

(Editor:张茜)

  • Do you have anything to say?

双语词典
dictionary

  
Special Coverage
  • Premier Wen Jiabao visits Hungary, Britain, Germany
  • From drought to floods
Major headlines
Editor's Pick
  • U.S. President Barack Obama (4th L, front) shakes hands with outgoing Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen (1st R, front) as Vice President Joe Biden (3rd L, front), Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta (2nd L, front), and Army General Martin Dempsey (1st L, front) look on during the Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff Change of Responsibility Ceremony at Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall in Arlington, the United States, Sept. 30, 2011. Army General Martin Dempsey succeeded Mike Mullen to become the 18th Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff on Friday. (Xinhua/Zhang Jun)
  • Chinese national flag guards escort the flag across the Chang'an Avenue in Beijing, capital of China, Oct. 1, 2011. More than 120,000 people gathered at the Tian'anmen Square to watch the national flag raising ceremony at dawn on Oct. 1, in celebration of the 62th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. (Xinhua/Luo Xiaoguang)
  • Pedestrians walk along the barrier set by police on Wall Street in New York, the United States, Sept. 30, 2011. Police set up the fences to keep away the demonstrators of the Occupy Wall Street campaign. (Xinhua/Shen Hong)
  • Chinese Navy soldiers hold an evening party marking the upcoming 62nd National Day aboard Chinese Navy hospital ship "Peace Ark" in the Pacific on Sept. 28, 2011. The Chinese National Day falls on Oct. 1. (Xinhua/Zha Chunming)
  • Photo taken on Sept. 30, 2011 shows the crowd at the plaza of Beijing Railway Station in Beijing, capital of China. The railway transportation witnessed a travel peak with the approach of the seven-day National Day holidays on Friday. (Xinhua)
  • A man wearing high-heel shoes takes part in the 3rd annual Walk a Mile in Her Shoes, an event when men literally walk in women's shoes to raise awareness about ending violence against women, at Yonge-Dundas Square in Toronto, Canada, Sept. 29, 2011. (Xinhua/Zou Zheng)
Hot Forum Discussion