UN lacks to protect civilians in armed conflicts: Cuba

10:17, May 11, 2011      

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Measures taken so far to protect civilians have not produced the expected results or addressed the implications of attacks on civilians and their consequences for international peace and security, Cuban UN Ambassador Pedro Nunez Mosquera said Tuesday.

"Though efforts from the UN, including the Security Council, a high number of civilians continue to suffer all over the world," Mosquera said while addressing a UN Security Council meeting on the protection of civilians in armed conflicts.

Respect for the sovereignty of states is a cornerstone in international relations which "in no way can be disregarded or undermined," he said.

Mosquera also called on the United Nations to "fully play its role" in order to "assist and protect the millions of people in need all over the world, especially in underdeveloped countries."

"The lack of political will of this organization" is due to " those who have imposed an unjust and inequitable international economic order," he said.

According to Mosquera, the UN has often not been able to act as it should because of "the selectivity and double standards subjugating it, the growing limited resources for development needed by most of its members and due to the distortion in the work of some of its organs, particularly the Security Council to the detriment of the General Assembly."

Meanwhile, Mosquera called for reform of the Security Council, the most important UN body, including its membership and working methods, in a bid to ensure non-abusive and non-selective actions relating to civilian protection.

"There is no legal standard justifying the legal character of and intervention for humanitarian purposes," he said.

The Cuban ambassador noted that the silence of the UN before the murder of innocent people, including women and children, perpetrated by the foreign troops attacking that country is " outrageous."

In his speech, Mosquera referred to the implementation of Resolution 1973, favoring a no-fly zone and air strikes against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, in which no word is authorizing the bombing of cities or populated areas that, on the pretext of " humanitarian actions" or "protection of civilians," result in the death of more innocent civilians, the destruction of schools, homes, and hospitals, and the increase in the suffering of the civilian population.

Source: Xinhua
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