Huge challenges remain as UN mission departs Chad, Central African Republic: Ban (2)

09:26, December 08, 2010      

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But Ban said, "With the Mission's operations winding down, the ability to independently verify any progress made by the government towards attaining the benchmarks established by the Security Council for the protection of civilians is extremely limited."

"The Mission is no longer in a position to visit the majority of refugee camps and sites for internally displaced persons or to observe the performance of the national security institutions, including DIS, providing protection for civilians," he said.

He added with regard to CAR that security in the north-eastern region remains "stable, yet fragile," with the latest UN findings showing that the risks are attributable to a variety of governance issues -- ethnic, economic and political.

"Despite the notorious menace of LRA (rebel Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army), the threat posed by this single group is not assessed to be as significant as other internal factors," he said. "The major source of insecurity comes from banditry and transients who bring arms to sell, but the most urgent threat stems from armed internal political opposition groups -- especially the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP)."

Listing the lessons learned from the mission, Ban stressed that even when freely given, the consent of a host government should be nurtured to ensure sustainability as consent is reversible, especially when conditions in the country and/or the sub-region change significantly.

"An operation such as MINURCAT, conceived and deployed under stress, in disregard of the foregoing observations, can become hostage to pressures and contradictions that will distract it from its intended objectives, impair its overall performance and erode its credibility," he said.

He also noted that the mission suffered from the lack of a communications strategy and was therefore unable to properly manage the expectations of the government and to some extent humanitarian actors, impairing its ability to narrow the gap between expectations and reality.

At the same time, he credited the mission with leaving behind a pool of skilled and trained national professionals whose experience with MINURCAT should benefit the development of the country.

"The deployment and conduct of operations in difficult, remote and landlocked areas such as eastern Chad and the north-eastern area of the Central African Republic is itself an achievement," he said.

Source: Xinhua


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(Editor:李牧(实习))

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